Helping You Become a More Successful Gardener
Mark A. Miller
Valued for its handsome foliage, compact habit, and tough constitution, this small deciduous tree is found over much of the central and western United States and northern Mexico. It typically forms a short multi-trunked tree with sinuous branches and an asymmetrical rounded crown. The oval, dark-green to gray-green, prominently veined leaves have toothed edges and pale yellow-green undersides. They turn yellow in fall. Inconspicuous flowers in late winter or early spring give rise to pea-sized fruits that ripen to red in late summer and early fall. Birds and other wildlife harvest the fruits for their thin, edible flesh, which surrounds a hard central nutlet. The gray, often warty bark provides winter interest.
Requiring only sun and relatively good drainage, this adaptable tree tolerates blistering heat, drought, and alkaline soil. It makes an excellent small tree for gardens and wildlife plantings in arid zones.
9 - 1
4 - 9
2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
15'-30' / 4.6m - 9.1m
Early Spring, Late Winter
South-Central United States, Western United States, Mexico
Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline
Xeric/Desert, Drought Tolerant
Spring, Summer, Fall
Red, Orange Red
Gray Green, Dark Green
Yellow, Yellow Green
Shade Trees, Street Trees
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