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CELTIS tenuifolia

Image of Celtis tenuifolia

Jesse Saylor

Family

Ulmaceae

Botanical Name

CELTIS tenuifolia

Plant Common Name

Dwarf Hackberry

General Description

In effect a dwarf version of common hackberry, this native of eastern and central North America typically forms a dense multi-stemmed shrub with rough oval dark green leaves. The elm-like foliage is sometimes marred by warty galls. Fall color is dull yellow. Inconspicuous flowers in spring give rise to pea-size fruits that ripen orange, brown, or red in late summer. Birds and other wildlife harvest the fruits for their thin, edible flesh, which surrounds a hard central nutlet. The gray, often warty bark provides minimal winter interest.

Requiring only sun and relatively good drainage, this adaptable large shrub tolerates heat, drought, and alkaline soil. It is a good candidate for naturalistic gardens and wildlife plantings in its native range.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    9 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    5 - 9

  • Plant Type

    Shrub

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    6'-18' / 1.8m - 5.5m

  • Width

    6'-18' / 1.8m - 5.5m

  • Bloom Time

    Spring

  • Native To

    Mid-Atlantic United States, Southeastern United States, Central United States, Texas, Canada

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Tolerances

    Drought, Salt

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Water Requirements

    Drought Tolerant, Average Water

  • Habit

    Upright/Erect

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Insignificant

  • Flower Color

    Yellow Green

  • Fruit Color

    Red, Orange, Brown

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Dark Green

  • Bark Color

    Gray

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    Yes

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Smooth

  • Usage

    Screening / Wind Break

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Attracts

    Birds

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes