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CERCIDIPHYLLUM japonicum 'Red Fox'

Image of Cercidiphyllum japonicum 'Red Fox' ('Rotfuchs')

Family

Cercidiphyllaceae

Botanical Name

CERCIDIPHYLLUM japonicum 'Red Fox' ('('Rotfuchs')')

Plant Common Name

Katsura Tree, Red Fox Katsura Tree

Special Notice

This entry has yet to be reviewed and approved by L2G editors.

General Description

Regarded as one of the world's most beautiful small ornamental shade trees, the katsura tree has uniform heart-shaped leaves. The German selection 'Red Fox' produces new spring leaves of a burgundy-purple or bronze-red hue that mature to blue-green by early summer. In autumn the leaves turn pinkish apricot to gold and release a faint fragrance akin to burned sugar or caramel as they drop. The gray-brown bark exfoliates in vertical bands, adding winter and early spring garden interest on the upright oval canopy silhouette.

The heart-shaped leaves have tiny scalloped edges and are usually held in opposite pairs on the branches. In early spring, before the leaves emerge, flowers adorn this dioecious species. Red female flowers occur on separate trees than those with green male blossoms. Fertile female trees yield many small green pods that ripen to a coppery tan and split open to shed winged seeds.

Grow 'Red Fox' in full or partial sun and fertile, well-drained soil. Avoid highly alkaline soils and position this tree in a spot protected from drying winter winds. Young or newly planted trees need regular moisture to become established. This tree does not transplant well, so it is best to plant younger trees that quickly grow into healthy specimens. This upright-canopy tree is an ideal specimen plant for yards, parks or any open public space, although it is more appropriate for smaller residential properties or avenues compared to the larger-maturing species.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    8 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    4 - 8

  • Sunset Zone

    2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 14, 15, 16, 18, 19, 20

  • Plant Type

    Tree

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    20'-25' / 6.1m - 7.6m

  • Width

    16'-20' / 4.9m - 6.1m

  • Bloom Time

    Early Spring

  • Native To

    Eastern Asia, China, Japan

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Oval/Rounded

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Insignificant

  • Flower Color

    Red, Green

  • Fruit Color

    Green, Copper, Sandy Brown

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Purple, Blue Green, Burgundy, Bronze

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Blue Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Yellow, Orange, Gold

  • Bark Color

    Brown, Sandy Brown, Gray

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    Yes

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    Yes

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    Yes

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Exfoliating

  • Usage

    Feature Plant, Shade Trees, Street Trees

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Attracts

    Birds

  • Self-Sowing

    No