Helping You Become a More Successful Gardener
James H. Schutte
Japanese Flowering Quince, Maule's Flowering Quince
Admired for its beautiful spring blooms, Japanese flowering quince is a spiny, compact to medium-sized, deciduous shrub native to Japan. Profuse clusters of small, salmon or orange, bowl-shaped flowers cover the plant very early in spring, before and after its smooth green leaves emerge. These are followed by gnarled, yellowish, apple-shaped fruits that are fully ripe by fall and may be used to make preserves or jelly. Of all the flowering quince species, this is considered the hardiest.
The smooth green leaves of Japanese flowering quince are oval and lined with coarse, crenate teeth. The branches are armed with short thorns that are strong and can cause painful scratches. Pretty rosaceous blooms of salmon pink or orange are produced in spring, and fragrant, yellowish, apple-shaped fruits ripen in the fall but offer no visual appeal.
The tough and adaptable flowering quince accepts a wide range of growing conditions but grows best in full sun and well-drained loam. Periods of winter cold are needed for good flowering and fruit set. Spring buds are often damaged by cold in its northernmost zones. This informal landscape shrub combines well with other early-bloomers, such as forsythias and early bulbs, and its cut branches can be forced into bloom in late winter. Many species are available that vary in size, habit and flower color.
9 - 1
5 - 9
2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23
Full Sun, Partial Sun, Partial Shade
3'-4' / 0.9m - 1.2m
5'-6' / 1.5m - 1.8m
Early Spring, Spring, Late Winter
Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline
Clay, Loam, Sand
Orange, Salmon, Orange Red
Yellow, Red, Yellow Green
Green, Dark Green
Cutflower, Feature Plant, Hedges, Mixed Border, Rock Garden / Wall, Topiary / Bonsai / Espalier
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