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CHAENOMELES speciosa 'Alba'
Flowering Quince, White Flowering Quince
When in bloom this Chinese shrub is a beauty, but through the rest of the season it has a coarse, rambling, ungainly look. Flowering quince is a spiny, medium-sized, deciduous shrub. This cultivar is most noted for its clusters of clear white, bowl-shaped flowers that cover the plant in early spring, both before and after the foliage emerges. These are followed by small quince fruits that are edible and best eaten cooked into preserves or jelly.
The glossy, oval leaves of this hardy shrub are deep green and have small teeth along the edges. The branches are armed with long thorns that are strong and can cause painful scratches. Pretty rosaceous blooms of white are produced in spring, and fragrant, yellow-green, apple-shaped fruits ripen in the fall but offer no visual appeal.
The tough and adaptable flowering quince accepts a wide range of growing conditions but grows best in full sun and well-drained loam. Periods of winter cold are needed for good flowering and fruit set. Spring buds are often damaged by cold in its northernmost zones. This informal landscape shrub combines well with other early-bloomers, such as forsythias and early bulbs, and its cut branches can be forced into bloom in late winter.
9 - 1
5 - 9
2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23
Full Sun, Partial Sun, Partial Shade
3'-10' / 0.9m - 3.0m
4'-15' / 1.2m - 4.6m
Early Spring, Spring, Late Winter
Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline
Clay, Loam, Sand
Drought Tolerant, Average Water
Red, Green, Bronze
Cutflower, Hedges, Mixed Border, Screening / Wind Break, Topiary / Bonsai / Espalier
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