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CHAENOMELES 'toyo-nishiki'

Image of Chaenomeles 'toyo-nishiki'

James H. Schutte

Family

Rosaceae

Botanical Name

CHAENOMELES 'toyo-nishiki'

Plant Common Name

Flowering Quince, Toyo-nishiki Flowering Quince

Special Notice

This entry has yet to be reviewed and approved by L2G editors.

General Description

Noted for its early spring clusters of bowl-shaped flowers in white, coral-pink and light pink, 'Toyo-nishiki' is considered one of the prettiest flowering quinces for the garden. Its buds and blossoms cover the plant while the oval, teethed, green leaves emerge on the zig-zagged, thorny branches. Fragrant yellow, apple-shaped fruits ripen in the fall and are cooked for preserves and jellies, but are not eaten fresh.

Though it grows and flowers best in full sun and well-drained, acidic-to-neutral soils, 'Toyo-nishiki' is an indestructible shrub that tolerates a wide range of conditions including partial shade and mild alkalinity. It flowers most heavily in areas that experience some winter cold. Its broad-spreading form and spiny branches make this flowering quince useful for hedges or screening. It combines well with other early-bloomers such as forsythias and scillas. Cut branches can be forced into bloom in late winter.

Even though the small fruits are edible when cooked, they are best left on the plant for their ornamental appeal, prolonging the interest of this shrub grown mainly for its beauty.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    9 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    5 - 9

  • Sunset Zone

    2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23

  • Plant Type

    Shrub

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun, Partial Shade

  • Height

    5'-8' / 1.5m - 2.4m

  • Width

    4'-6' / 1.2m - 1.8m

  • Bloom Time

    Early Spring, Spring

  • Native To

    Hybrid Origin

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Tolerances

    Pollution, Drought

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Water Requirements

    Drought Tolerant, Average Water

  • Habit

    Upright/Erect

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    White, Red, Pink, Coral

  • Flower Color Modifier

    Multi-Color

  • Fruit Color

    Yellow

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green, Bronze

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Dark Green

  • Bark Color

    Brown

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    Yes

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    Yes

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Glossy

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Smooth

  • Usage

    Cutflower, Feature Plant, Foundation, Hedges, Mixed Border

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    Yes

  • Invasive

    No

  • Attracts

    Birds

  • Self-Sowing

    No