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CHAENOMELES x superba 'Crimson and Gold'

Image of Chaenomeles x superba 'Crimson and Gold'

Mary S. Thomas

Family

Rosaceae

Botanical Name

CHAENOMELES x superba 'Crimson and Gold'

Plant Common Name

Crimson and Gold Flowering Quince, Hybrid Flowering Quince

General Description

The very compact and fast growing hybrid flowering quince, 'Crimson and Gold', offers loads of deepest crimson, bowl-shaped flowers with conspicuous golden yellow anthers inside. This deciduous shrub is most attractive when in bloom but does produce some marginally attractive yellow fruits in fall. Many favor hybrid flowering quince because it combines the most desirable features of its parent species, common flowering quince (Chaenomeles speciosa) and Japanese flowering quince (C. japonica). 'Crimson and Gold' is a short, densely branched selection ideal for low hedges and foundation plantings.

Clusters of bowl-shaped flowers cover this quince in early spring both before and after the glossy leaves emerge. The single blossoms are deep red and attract bees and other early insect pollinators. The simple leaves emerge slightly bronze in spring and turn dark green as the season progresses. Edible, yellow-green, apple-shaped fruits ripen in the fall and may be made into preserves or jelly. Birds also enjoy the fruits.

The tough and adaptable hybrid flowering quince accepts a wide range of growing conditions but grows best in full sun and well-drained, acid to neutral loam. Periods of winter cold are needed for good flowering and fruit set. Spring buds are often damaged by cold in its northernmost zones.

This fine landscape shrub combines well with other early-bloomers, such as forsythias and early bulbs.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    9 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    5 - 9

  • Sunset Zone

    2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23

  • Plant Type

    Shrub

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun, Partial Shade

  • Height

    2'-3' / 0.6m - 0.9m

  • Width

    2'-3' / 0.6m - 0.9m

  • Bloom Time

    Early Spring, Spring, Late Winter

  • Native To

    Hybrid Origin, Japan

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Loam

  • Tolerances

    Drought

  • Growth Rate

    Fast

  • Water Requirements

    Drought Tolerant, Average Water

  • Habit

    Oval/Rounded

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    Red, Gold, Dark Red

  • Fruit Color

    Yellow, Yellow Green

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Green

  • Bark Color

    Gray

  • Fragrant Flowers

    Yes

  • Fragrant Fruit

    Yes

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    Yes

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Glossy

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Smooth

  • Usage

    Container, Edging, Feature Plant, Foundation, Hedges, Mixed Border, Rock Garden / Wall, Topiary / Bonsai / Espalier

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    Yes

  • Invasive

    No

  • Attracts

    Birds

  • Self-Sowing

    No