Helping You Become a More Successful Gardener
James H. Schutte
CHAENOMELES x superba 'Kinjishi'
Hybrid Flowering Quince
This old Japanese cultivar originated from the K. Wada, Hakoneya Nurseries, of Numazushi, Japan and was first brought to the United States in 1939 where it was grown at The Morton Arboretum in Lisle, Illinois. The name ‘Kinjishi’ translates to “golden lion” and refers to its glowing golden orange-red, fully double flowers. Many favor hybrid flowering quince because it combines the most desirable features of parent species, the common flowering quince (Chaenomeles speciosa) and Japanese flowering quince (C. japonica).
Clusters of bowl-shaped flowers cover this quince in early spring both before and after the glossy leaves emerge. The double blossoms are orange-red and attract bees and other early insect pollinators. The simple leaves emerge slightly bronze in spring and turn dark green as the season progresses. Edible, yellow-green, apple-shaped fruits ripen in the fall and may be made into preserves or jelly. Birds also enjoy the fruits.
The tough and adaptable hybrid flowering quince accepts a wide range of growing conditions but grows best in full sun and well-drained, acid to neutral loam. Periods of winter cold are needed for good flowering and fruit set. Spring buds are often damaged by cold in its northernmost zones. This fine landscape shrub combines well with other early-bloomers.
9 - 5
5 - 9
2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23
Full Sun, Partial Sun, Partial Shade
4'-6' / 1.2m - 1.8m
5'-6' / 1.5m - 1.8m
Spring, Late Spring, Early Summer
Clay, Loam, Sand
Drought Tolerant, Average Water
Orange, Orange Red
Green, Dark Green
Cutflower, Foundation, Hedges, Mixed Border, Screening / Wind Break
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