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CHEILANTHES lanosa

Image of Cheilanthes lanosa

Family

Pteridaceae

Botanical Name

CHEILANTHES lanosa

Plant Common Name

Hairy Lipfern

Special Notice

This entry has yet to be reviewed and approved by L2G editors.

General Description

Fine hairs cover the light green fronds of the hairy lipfern, delicate-looking deciduous, clumping fern. It is native to granite rocky slopes and ledges from the Catskill Mountains to central Missouri and southward to the Florida panhandle. It grows at higher inland elevations, protected from intense summertime sunlight from nearby trees, shrubs or sheltering rocks. It develops a short, slow-growing rhizome to form an attractive leafy clump.

Hairy lipfern produces upright, long, triangular-shaped fronds of medium green that look lighter because of reflected light off the tiny hairs. The tiny leaflets in the frond are flat and oval, and their edges sometimes roll inward on the bottom side. The leaflets often are arranged in an alternating pattern on the dark brown frond stem as well. From summer into fall, fertile fronds produce black sori bodies on their undersides. The sori occur along the edge of the leaflets, looking very contrived and ornamental. Ferns reproduce by spores released from the sori, not with flowers and seeds. Excessive winter cold or a prolonged drought causes many fronds to die off.

Retain natural colonies of the hairy lipfern if encountered on your property. Nursery-grown plants may be transplanted into partially shaded rock gardens, woodland stone outcroppings or in the nooks of a shaded stone retaining wall. A humus-rich, well-drained, gritty soil works fine. This fern looks its best when allowed to form dense clumps among attractive boulders and hillside wildflowers and rock lichens, creating a naturalistic setting in the landscape.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    8 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    5 - 8

  • Sunset Zone

    2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 14, 15, 16

  • Plant Type

    Fern

  • Sun Exposure

    Partial Shade, Full Shade

  • Height

    4"-16" / 10.2cm - 40.6cm

  • Width

    6"-20" / 15.2cm - 50.8cm

  • Native To

    Northeastern United States, Mid-Atlantic United States, Southeastern United States, Central United States, South-Central United States, Texas

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam

  • Growth Rate

    Slow

  • Water Requirements

    Drought Tolerant, Average Water

  • Habit

    Clump-Forming

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    None

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Light Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Light Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Light Green

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Fine

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Container, Groundcover, Hanging Basket, Rock Garden / Wall

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    No