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CHENOPODIUM botrys

Image of Chenopodium botrys

Jesse Saylor

Family

Chenopodiaceae

Botanical Name

CHENOPODIUM botrys

Plant Common Name

Jerusalem Oak Goosefoot

General Description

Eurasian in origin, Jerusalem Oak Goosefoot is a dryland annual weed that has become naturalized across much of North America and Mexico. It is shrubby, has an open branched habit, and most favors sunny uplands where the ground has been disturbed.

Most Chenopodium species are field weeds, though a few are horticulturally useful. The genus is comprised of approximately 150 species of herbaceous plants, annuals and perennials that exist worldwide. They are commonly known as goosefoots and a number of species are edible.

This herbaceous plant has a shrubby habit and alternate lobed leaves that are pale dusty green. The lobes make the leaves look like mini oak leaves. The flowers are inconspicuous and wind-pollinated. In fact, the wind borne pollen of some goosefoot species are known to cause allergies. Jerusalem oak goosefoot is among these.

This is an easy weed to pull but plants produce lots of seeds and can quickly overwhelm a garden space if allowed to set seed. A gardener's best protection is to pull them early and on sight.

Characteristics

  • Plant Type

    Annual

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    1'-3' / 0.3m - 0.9m

  • Width

    1'-3' / 0.3m - 0.9m

  • Bloom Time

    Indeterminate

  • Native To

    Europe, Mediterranean, Asia

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Average

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Tolerances

    Pollution, Salt, Soil Compaction

  • Growth Rate

    Very Fast

  • Water Requirements

    Drought Tolerant, Average Water

  • Habit

    Clump-Forming

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Insignificant

  • Fruit Color

    Gray Green, Brown

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green, Light Green, Gray Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green, Light Green, Gray Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Green, Light Green, Gray Green

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    Yes

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    Yes

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes