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CHRYSANTHEMUM

Image of Chrysanthemum

James H. Schutte

Family

Asteraceae

Botanical Name

CHRYSANTHEMUM

Plant Common Name

Chrysanthemum

General Description

Mums ring in fall. Their cheerful flowers and timeliness bring to mind fun fall days with bountiful leaf piles, Halloween trick or treats and Thanksgiving eats.

Chrysanthemum is a genus comprised of approximately 20 to 30 species of herbaceous perennials. These originate from regions in Europe to Asia and have been long cultivated for their beautiful flowers—particularly in China and Japan where they are most revered. Thousands of cultivars exist, new and old, most of which are hybrids.

Some mums are clump forming and others spread quite rapidly via creeping rhizomes but all have mounded or bushy habits. Their leaves come in varying shades of green and are generally deeply lobed and emit a strong fragrance when crushed. The flowers appear as single, semi-double or double daisies and differ widely in form and size. There are many color options to include shades of white, yellow, red, orange, pink, purple, burgundy, bronze and bicolors. Bloom time is generally from late summer to late fall.

Chrysanthemums prefer full sun and fertile garden loam with good drainage. They are technically perennial, but hardiness is species and cultivar dependent. If fact, many cultivars are grown as annuals because they are marginally hardy. Cultivated plants are commonly pinched back in late spring to early summer to encourage a more uniform shape and to increase the density of flower buds for fall.

These are some of the most common bedding plants for fall. They are neat floriferous and colorful. Many cultivars are specially grown for the cutflower market because their blooms are beautiful, long-stemmed and long-lasting.

The flowers have 13 different floral classes, which can be further classified by flower size and flowering time.

Characteristics

  • Plant Type

    Perennial

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Bloom Time

    Late Summer, Early Fall, Fall, Late Fall

  • Native To

    Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Asia

Growing Conditions

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Growth Rate

    Fast

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Clump-Forming

  • Seasonal Interest

    Summer, Fall

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    White, Yellow, Red, Green, Purple, Orange, Pink, Rose, Salmon, Burgundy, Lavender

  • Fruit Color

    Brown

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Fragrant Flowers

    Yes

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    Yes

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single, Double, Semi-Double

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Bedding Plant, Container, Cutflower, Mixed Border

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Attracts

    Butterflies