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CISSUS gongylodes

Image of Cissus gongylodes

Family

Vitaceae

Botanical Name

CISSUS gongylodes

Plant Common Name

Treebine, Wing Stemmed Grape Ivy

Special Notice

This entry has yet to be reviewed and approved by L2G editors.

General Description

Squared, succulent stems and pinkish red aerial roots are but a few curious attributes of the wing stemmed grape ivy. An evergreen to partially deciduous tropical vine or liana, it is native to a wide expanse of southern Brazil into nearby Peru and Paraguay. It's believed to have been cultivated and selected by native peoples and may explain why some plants do not flower to produce fruits or seeds.

The stems are squared and often show a wing-like keel. Tendrils with suction cup-like tips grow opposite the leaves. Each green leaf comprises three leaflets, the middle one largest, with deep lobes or large teeth. Leaf veins are depressed and hairy. At the ends of stems in late summer or fall, large tuber-like growth develop on stem tips. They droop or break off to the ground and sprout into new plants. Any flowering is insignificant, with tiny creamy light green blossoms in stalked clusters.

Grow wing stemmed grape ivy in a shady to partial sun location in a moist to average soil that never floods. A fertile soil rich in organic matter develops the fastest and lushest growth. Use it to cover a sturdy trellis or allow it to fasten to tree trunks or a tall building wall, especially wear the aerial roots may be viewed. Although best in frost-free gardens, a light winter frost kills above ground tissues but will rejuvenate from the roots in spring.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    12 - 8

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    9 - 15

  • Sunset Zone

    H1, H2, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Vine/Liana

  • Sun Exposure

    Partial Sun, Partial Shade, Full Shade

  • Height

    20'-50' / 6.1m - 15.2m

  • Bloom Time

    Late Summer, Early Fall, Fall

  • Native To

    South America, Brazil

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Loam, Sand

  • Growth Rate

    Fast

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Vining/Climbing

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Insignificant

  • Flower Color

    Light Green, Ivory

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green, Light Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Green

  • Bark Color

    Rose, Dark Red, Sienna

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Glossy

  • Evergreen

    Semi-Evergreen

  • Showy Bark

    Yes

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Smooth

  • Usage

    Feature Plant, Tropical, Vine

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes