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CISSUS repanda

Image of Cissus repanda

J.M. Garg, Wikimedia Commons Contributor

Family

Vitaceae

Botanical Name

CISSUS repanda

Plant Common Name

Treebine

Special Notice

This entry has yet to be reviewed and approved by L2G editors.

General Description

Across its native lands, locals would drink the sap of this treebine as a source of emergency water during sojourns through the forests, prairies and shrublands. Treebine is a tall-growing woody vine or liana native to subtropical highlands from Bhutan and northeastern India to Thailand. It's semi-evergreen, but seasonal chill or severe drought leads to it being fully deciduous in some climates. The vine stems are relatively smooth and cylindrical.

Newly emerging leaves are hairy, but mature smooth and deep green. The leaf is shaped like a heart with wavy or coarsely toothed edges. Rarely do the leaves have three very shallow lobes. Tendrils with five to seven clasping branches adhere to tree trunks. In mid- to late spring, branched clusters (umbels) of tiny flowers dot the vine. By late summer, the tiny blackish and slightly pear-shaped fruits are ripe, each with one seed inside.

Grow treebine in nearly full sun to bright dappled shade in a fertile, average to well-drained soil. An evenly moist soil is best for lushest growth, but once established, this vine is very drought tolerant. Use it as an accent vine on a tall tropical tree in frost-free climates. It would work as a houseplant briefly when young and small in size.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    12 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    10 - 14

  • Sunset Zone

    H1, H2

  • Plant Type

    Vine/Liana

  • Sun Exposure

    Partial Sun, Partial Shade

  • Height

    30'-60' / 9.1m - 18.3m

  • Bloom Time

    Spring, Late Spring

  • Native To

    Southern Asia, Southeastern Asia, India, China

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Average

  • Soil type

    Loam, Sand

  • Tolerances

    Drought

  • Growth Rate

    Fast

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Vining/Climbing

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Insignificant

  • Flower Color

    Red, Dark Red

  • Fruit Color

    Black

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green, Light Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Bark Color

    Tan, Sandy Brown

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    Yes

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    Semi-Evergreen

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Smooth

  • Usage

    Tropical, Vine

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Attracts

    Birds

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes