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CISSUS repens

Image of Cissus repens

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Family

Vitaceae

Botanical Name

CISSUS repens

Plant Common Name

Treebine, Variegated Grape

Special Notice

This entry has yet to be reviewed and approved by L2G editors.

General Description

Pretty and glossy deep green leaves occur on this vine that inhabits rainforests from India and Bhutan southward all the way to northernmost Australia. A treebine, sometimes called variegated grape, develops a gray-barked trunk with herbaceous stems that clasp with tendrils.

The leaves are shiny and green, shaped like poplar leaves. Another way to describe them is as shallow-based hearts. Leaf margins have sparse, tiny teeth. Tendrils, if present, rise opposite the foliage on the stems. Emerging tendrils are attractively red colored. Anytime from summer to fall, clusters of tiny pale green to ivory, four-petaled flowers occur among the leaves. Afterward, flattened purple-black fruits develop from fall to the next spring.

Grow variegated grape in partial sun to bright dappled shade for best foliage display. A fertile, non-clay soil that's acidic to neutral in pH is best. Well-drained soils that are rich in organic matter and evenly moist from spring to fall promote this vine's best performance. When small and young, treebine may be used in containers as a houseplant. Otherwise, plant it outdoors in frost-free gardens to climb a tall palm trunk or tree. In some parts of the tropics, this treebine species is considered an annoying agricultural weed.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    12 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    10 - 15

  • Sunset Zone

    H1, H2, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Vine/Liana

  • Sun Exposure

    Partial Sun, Partial Shade

  • Height

    15'-45' / 4.6m - 13.7m

  • Bloom Time

    Summer, Late Summer, Early Fall, Fall

  • Native To

    Southeastern Asia, India, Nepal, China, Micronesia, Australia

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Average

  • Soil type

    Loam, Sand

  • Growth Rate

    Fast

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Vining/Climbing

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Insignificant

  • Flower Color

    Light Green, Ivory

  • Fruit Color

    Purple, Black

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Dark Green

  • Bark Color

    Gray

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    Yes

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Glossy

  • Evergreen

    Yes

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Fissured

  • Usage

    Houseplant, Tropical, Vine

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    Sometimes

  • Attracts

    Birds

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes