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CITRUS x tangelo 'Minneola'

Image of Citrus x tangelo 'Minneola' ('Honeybell')

John Rickard

Family

Rutaceae

Botanical Name

CITRUS x tangelo 'Minneola' ('Honeybell')

Plant Common Name

Honeybell Tangelo, Tangelo

General Description

Surprisingly sweet and tart, easy to peel and eat, tangelos are favored by citrus gourmands and often planted in backyard orchards. These large evergreen trees are either a happy accident or purposeful cross between a grapefruit (Citrus x paradisi) and tangerine (Citrus x reticulata). The hybrids were first described in both California and Florida in the late 1890s.

Tangelo trees have upright, rounded crowns covered with large, glossy, linear, pointed leaves. Flowers appear from late winter to spring and may be single or clustered. The white, fragrant blooms are highly attractive to honeybees, which produce honey. Tangelos are not self-fruitful and require a pollinating cultivar planted nearby. Trees are often alternate bearing, which means they produce a heavy crop one year and a lighter crop the next. Most are grafted on to rootstocks, which impart tolerances to soils, pests and climate conditions.

The cultivar ‘Minneola’ is often called honeybell and is a hybrid between a ‘Duncan’ grapefruit and a ‘Dancy’ tangerine. The fruits are fragrant, round and have a pronounced neck. They are covered with leathery skin that becomes bright orange to red-orange when ripe. The juicy, sweet sections have many or few seeds, depending pollination. Fruits usually ripen in mid-winter and are harvested quickly to preserve the sweet flavor. Minneola trees can be shy bearing, particularly in home orchards due to problems with pollination and maintenance, but tend to be heavy producers in commercial groves.

Cold sensitive, tangelos prefer locations with warm, dry winters, and cool summers. They require full sun and are tolerant of most soils, even poor soils, with ample drainage. Though moderately drought tolerant once established, they must have regular applications of water for good fruit production. Regular fertilization is also required as they are heavy feeders. Tangelo trees are large and need plenty of space for their crowns to grow.

Citrus trees, when grafted onto dwarfing rootstocks and pruned, make good tub or conservatory specimens where not hardy and attract the North America giant swallowtail butterfly which uses this and other citrus as larval food. Tangelos are one of the most popular varieties for eating out of hand, gift fruit and fresh fruit shipping.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    10 - 9

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    9 - 11

  • Sunset Zone

    H1, H2, 8, 9, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Fruit

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    15'-40' / 4.6m - 12.2m

  • Width

    10'-30' / 3.0m - 9.1m

  • Bloom Time

    Early Spring, Spring, Late Winter

  • Native To

    Hybrid Origin

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Loam, Sand

  • Growth Rate

    Fast

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Oval/Rounded

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    White

  • Fruit Color

    Orange, Orange Red

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Dark Green

  • Bark Color

    Gray Green, Brown, Gray

  • Fragrant Flowers

    Yes

  • Fragrant Fruit

    Yes

  • Fragrant Foliage

    Yes

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    Yes

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    Yes

  • Edible Fruit

    Yes

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Glossy

  • Evergreen

    Yes

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Smooth

  • Usage

    Container, Edible, Fruit / Fruit Tree, Screening / Wind Break, Topiary / Bonsai / Espalier

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Attracts

    Birds, Butterflies

  • Self-Sowing

    No