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CLARKIA amoena ssp. lindleyi

Image of Clarkia amoena ssp. lindleyi

Felder Rushing



Botanical Name

CLARKIA amoena ssp. lindleyi

Plant Common Name

Herald-of-summer, Lindley's Farewell-to-Spring, Lindley's Satin Flower

Special Notice

This entry has yet to be reviewed and approved by L2G editors.

General Description

A fast-growing annual wildflower, the Lindley's farewell-to-spring produces red-spotted, pinkish lavender flowers during summer. It may also be called Lindley's herald-of-summer. This subspecies is native to British Columbia's Vancouver Island southward to southern Oregon, mainly west of the Cascade Mountains.

This wildflower can be quite variable in mature height as well as if a plant freely branches. The stems carry lance-shaped gray-green leaves. Upright flower buds open to cup-shaped, flaring blossoms. They are pink to lavender with a large crimson spot in the center of each flower petal. These satiny flowers occur in sparse clusters on stem tips. Seed capsules do not curve, which helps differentiate this subspecies from others. Seeds are scattered to the soil below, and germinate either in autumn to overwinter or sprout the next spring.

Grow Lindley's farewell-to-spring in full sun to dappled shade. In hotter climates, shade is required in the afternoon. This annual does not transplant well, so sow seeds where plants are to grow the entire season. Scatter seeds in a well-drained sand or sandy loam that is not overly fertile. Rich soils promote leafy growth at the expense of flowering. Keep the soil evenly moist as the plants grow, but once flower buds are seen, conditions can become much drier. Farewell-to-spring falters in hot, humid conditions. However, in subtropical regions, sow seeds of this cool-season flower in fall to grow and bloom across the frost-free winter and early spring. Use this pretty annual in flower borders, meadows, among perennials or strictly for use as a cut flower.


  • AHS Heat Zone

    7 - 1

  • Sunset Zone

    A2, A3, 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type


  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    4"-33" / 10.2cm - 83.8cm

  • Width

    8"-16" / 20.3cm - 40.6cm

  • Bloom Time

    Early Summer, Summer, Late Summer

  • Native To

    United States, Northwestern United States, Canada

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Loam, Sand

  • Tolerances

    Drought, Salt

  • Growth Rate

    Very Fast

  • Water Requirements

    Drought Tolerant, Average Water

  • Habit


  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest


  • Flower Color

    Light Pink, Crimson, Lavender

  • Flower Color Modifier


  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Light Green, Blue Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Light Green, Gray Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Light Green, Gray Green

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Light Green, Gray Green

  • Fragrant Flowers


  • Fragrant Fruit


  • Fragrant Foliage


  • Bark or Stem Fragrant


  • Flower Petal Number


  • Repeat Bloomer


  • Showy Fruit


  • Edible Fruit


  • Showy Foliage


  • Foliage Texture


  • Foliage Sheen


  • Evergreen


  • Showy Bark


Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Bedding Plant, Cutflower, Mixed Border, Wildflower

  • Sharp or Has Thorns


  • Invasive


  • Attracts


  • Self-Sowing