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CLEMATIS patens

Image of Clematis patens

Family

Ranunculaceae

Botanical Name

CLEMATIS patens

Plant Common Name

Chinese Clematis

Special Notice

This entry has yet to be reviewed and approved by L2G editors.

General Description

A small, modestly growing vine, Chinese clematis has spring-occuring flowers of a pale mauve-pink with purple stamens. Very early blooming in the world of clematis it's a deciduous perennial vine native to eastern China, Korea and Japan. It is usually found growing at the edges of woodlands. Flower size and shape varies considerably among plants in the wild, and is one reason this species was historically used to develop the earlier-flowering and differently shaped flowers of modern garden clematis cultivars.

The three leaflets that make up each leaf are tear drop shaped. A rich medium to dark green in color, they are sparsely aranged on climbing stems that are tan to red in color and rarely are taller than waist or chest-height. One of the earliest clematis species to flower, as early as late spring, it produces pale mauve-pink blossoms with six to eight petal-like sepals that are pollinated by flies and bees. The silvery seedheads are pretty, resembling small exploding fireworks.

Grow Clematis patens in full sun to partial shade in a wide range of fertile soils, clay to sand, that have some organic matter incorporated. Moreover, the soil should be alkaline to neutral in pH and kept cool and moist with mulch, particularly in regions with hot summers. Use it as a small trellised vine upon a short garden wall or in a container on the patio or entrance step. Not only has this species be used to make make modern hybrids, there are many of its own cultivars that have blooms of white, deeper blue and violet. Often the cultivars have larger, more robust sepals than their wild parents, such as the white and light yellow flowers of 'Manshuu Ki'.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    8 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    4 - 8

  • Plant Type

    Vine/Liana

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    3'-4' / 0.9m - 1.2m

  • Bloom Time

    Spring, Late Spring

  • Native To

    China, Japan, Korea

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Vining/Climbing

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    Light Pink, Dark Salmon

  • Fruit Color

    Light Green, Tan, Silver

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Fragrant Flowers

    Yes

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    Yes

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Container, Rock Garden / Wall, Topiary / Bonsai / Espalier, Vine

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    No