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COCOS nucifera

  • Planting

    1. Dig holes or beds wide, not deep
    2. Lightly amend heavy clay or sandy soils with organic matter
    3. Gently remove plants from containers, keeping the root ball intact
    4. Loosen potting soil and roots around bottom and edges of root ball
    5. Plant level with surrounding soil, spreading roots outward
    6. Fill around roots with lightly amended native soil
    7. Water to settle soil around roots
    8. Cover the area with leaf or bark mulch 1 - 3 inches thick but not piled up onto the plant's stem/trunk
    9. Water deeply
    10. Stake large palms to prevent excess movement in strong winds

  • Watering

    1. Many palms and their relatives are extremely drought tolerant
    2. Water the base of palms thoroughly but do not keep wet
    3. Form a small basin around palms to hold irrigation water longer
    4. Mulches help keep shallow palm roots from drying out quickly

  • Pruning

    1. Remove old, faded, or diseased fronds
    2. Cut close to the trunk, leaving only leaf sheaths that are decorative
    3. Remove ferns, vines, or other plant growth using palm fronds for support
    4. If palms are pruned below their foliage "crowns" they usually die

  • Propagation

    1. Some palms and cycads produce small plants at their base, which can be cut or twisted off and replanted
    2. A few palms are very easy to grow from seed sown onto moist potting soil

  • Fertilization

    1. Use a specialty palm food according to directions
    2. Apply evenly around the base of plants
    3. Water thoroughly to get fertilizer started
    4. Avoid over-fertilizing, which can lead to lush growth that is more susceptible to diseases