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CORDYLINE fruticosa

Image of Cordyline fruticosa

James Burghardt

Family

Liliaceae

Botanical Name

CORDYLINE fruticosa

Plant Common Name

Good Luck Tree, Hawaiian Ti, Tiplant

General Description

Hawaiian Ti (pronounced "tee") is a broadleaf evergreen shrub, resembling a palm tree that is native to tropical Southeast Asia. Unbranched stems support strap-like leaves which can be dark green, red, yellow, pink or variegated. More intense colors are produced in full sun, although some cultivars cannot handle intense sunrays. White to purple flowers appear in summer followed by red berries. The ti is clump forming and sometimes suckering, though not invasive.

Place ti in a moist well-draining rich soil in partial sun to partial shade. Lack of water or too much direct sunlight will cause leaves to brown or curl. The leaves are often used in floral arrangements and for making leis. In temperate regions, it is frequently grown as a houseplant.

Some beautiful cultivars, such as 'Bolero Bicolor', 'Wiley's Gold', 'Bryan Diamond', 'Maui Pink' and 'Purple Prince' have particularly beautiful leaves in partial sun. 'Xerox' and 'Auntie Lou' are two cultivars that handle full tropical sun quite well.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    12 - 7

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    10 - 15

  • Sunset Zone

    H1, H2, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Broadleaf Evergreen

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun, Partial Shade

  • Height

    6'-15' / 1.8m - 4.6m

  • Width

    3'-8' / 0.9m - 2.4m

  • Bloom Time

    Late Spring, Early Summer, Summer

  • Native To

    Southeastern Asia, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Australia

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Average

  • Soil type

    Loam, Sand

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Upright/Erect

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Insignificant

  • Flower Color

    White, Purple

  • Fruit Color

    Red

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Red, Purple, Dark Green, Pink, Dark Red

  • Foliage Color (Spring) Modifier

    Variegated, Striped/Striated

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Red, Purple, Dark Green, Pink, Dark Red

  • Foliage Color (Summer) Modifier

    Variegated, Striped/Striated

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Red, Purple, Dark Green, Pink, Crimson, Dark Red

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Red, Purple, Dark Green, Pink, Crimson, Dark Red

  • Bark Color

    Brown

  • Fragrant Flowers

    Yes

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    Yes

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Coarse

  • Evergreen

    Yes

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Corky

  • Usage

    Container, Cutflower, Feature Plant, Foundation, Houseplant, Tropical

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    No