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CORNUS alba (IVORY HALO®)

Image of Cornus alba 'Bailhalo' (IVORY HALO®) PP8722

James H. Schutte

Family

Cornaceae

Botanical Name

CORNUS alba 'Bailhalo'(IVORY HALO®) PP8722

Plant Common Name

Ivory Halo® Dogwood, Tatarian Dogwood

General Description

A selection of Tatarian dogwood, which is native from northern Russia to Korea, ‘Bailhalo’ is prized for its leaves outlined with white, the bright red color of its stems and branches in winter, and its year-round toughness. It is a multi-stemmed, spreading, compact, deciduous shrub with clusters of small white flowers in spring followed by clusters of small white fruits, often tinged blue. It has dark green tapered leaves that turn red or orange in autumn. Though this northern species may scorch in hot climates, it has some tolerance for drought.

Plant ‘Bailhalo’ in full to partial sun and well-drained soil. It is most effective as an informal hedge, massed in a large group, or as a showy accent plant in the border or a large container. It spreads by underground roots so it is also useful for stabilizing banks and slopes. Some gardeners prune this shrub to the ground in winter, foregoing bloom to prompt the growth of new stems in spring because their color is the brightest red.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    8 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    3 - 8

  • Sunset Zone

    A2, A3, 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Shrub

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun, Partial Shade

  • Height

    2'-3' / 0.6m - 0.9m

  • Width

    3'-5' / 0.9m - 1.5m

  • Bloom Time

    Late Spring, Early Summer

  • Native To

    Russia/Siberia, China, Korea

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Average

  • Soil type

    Loam, Sand

  • Tolerances

    Salt, Soil Compaction

  • Growth Rate

    Fast

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Clump-Forming

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    White, Light Green

  • Fruit Color

    White, Blue, Black

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    White, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Spring) Modifier

    Variegated

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    White, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer) Modifier

    Variegated

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Red, Purple, Dark Green, Dark Red, Plum

  • Bark Color

    Red, Green, Dark Red

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    Yes

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    Yes

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Smooth

  • Usage

    Container, Feature Plant, Hedges, Mixed Border, Street Trees

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Attracts

    Birds

  • Self-Sowing

    No