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CORNUS canadensis

Image of Cornus canadensis

TL

Family

Cornaceae

Botanical Name

CORNUS canadensis

Plant Common Name

Bunchberry, Bunchberry Dogwood

General Description

Bunchberry is a dense, deciduous groundcover that is native to the northern United States, Canada and Alaska. It is very hardy, shade-loving and prospers only in climates where summers are cool. Naturally occurring under trees and along stream banks, its small flowers are surrounded by showy white bracts. These appear in late spring to early summer. Flowers are followed by bright red berries that persist through winter and are eaten by the birds. Throughout the rest of the summer and fall plants have attractive, glossy, dark green leaves. It will grow into a low clustered clump of an indefinite width.

Bunchberry needs a moist, well drained, acidic soil and makes a great groundcover for woodland shade gardens. Depending on the site, plants may be difficult to establish depending on soil, summer exposure and moisture. Soils with lots of humus and other organic matter are a must. Perfect companion plants include ferns and trilliums.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    7 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    2 - 7

  • Sunset Zone

    A1, A2, A3, 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 14, 15, 16

  • Plant Type

    Perennial

  • Sun Exposure

    Partial Shade, Full Shade

  • Height

    3"-9" / 7.6cm - 22.9cm

  • Width

    4'-10' / 1.2m - 3.0m

  • Bloom Time

    Late Spring, Early Summer

  • Native To

    Northeastern United States, North-Central United States, Northwestern United States, Alaska, Canada

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Average

  • Soil type

    Loam

  • Growth Rate

    Slow

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Spreading

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    White, Green

  • Fruit Color

    Crimson

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Dark Red

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    Yes

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Glossy

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Groundcover, Wildflower

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Attracts

    Birds

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes