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CORNUS mas 'Variegata'

Image of Cornus mas 'Variegata'

JC Raulston Arboretum at NC State University

Family

Cornaceae

Botanical Name

CORNUS mas 'Variegata'

Plant Common Name

Cornelian Cherry, Variegated Cornelian Cherry

General Description

Variegated cornelian cherry is a deciduous, low branched, multi-stemmed large shrub to small tree. The leaves are green with a white edge. It is one of the earliest shrubs to bloom with tiny, yellow, star-like umbels in late-winter to early spring. It has exfoliating grayish brown bark on older branches and the trunk. The fleshy, bright red fruit that appear in late summer are edible but not especially tasty.

Plant in full sun in a well drained soil, clay or loam, in practically any soil pH.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    8 - 5

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    4 - 8

  • Sunset Zone

    2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6

  • Plant Type

    Tree

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    15'-20' / 4.6m - 6.1m

  • Width

    12'-18' / 3.7m - 5.5m

  • Bloom Time

    Early Spring, Late Winter

  • Native To

    Europe, Eastern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Asia

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Upright/Erect

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    Lemon Yellow

  • Fruit Color

    Red

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    White, Light Green, Ivory

  • Foliage Color (Spring) Modifier

    Variegated

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    White, Dark Green, Ivory

  • Foliage Color (Summer) Modifier

    Variegated

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    White, Purple, Ivory

  • Foliage Color (Fall) Modifier

    Variegated

  • Bark Color

    Tan, Sandy Brown

  • Bark Color Modifier

    Spotted/Mottled

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    Yes

  • Edible Fruit

    Yes

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Glossy

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    Yes

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Exfoliating

  • Usage

    Edible, Feature Plant, Hedges, Mixed Border, Screening / Wind Break

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Attracts

    Birds

  • Self-Sowing

    No