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CORNUS rugosa

Image of Cornus rugosa

Jesse Saylor

Family

Cornaceae

Botanical Name

CORNUS rugosa

Plant Common Name

Round-leaved Dogwood, Roundleaf Dogwood, Speckled Dogwood

Special Notice

This entry has yet to be reviewed and approved by L2G editors.

General Description

With reddish twigs, roundleaf dogwood bears tiny white flowers in late spring that later develop into light blue-silvery white berries that are devoured by birds. An upright but rounded deciduous shrub, this dogwood is native to southeastern Canada and the northeastern quarter of the United States in moist woodlands. Its bark is brown but youngest twigs are reddish or green with reddish, warty speckles.

The plump, rounded leaves are medium green but taper to a tip. The arcing, nearly parallel veins are obvious, and the leaf undersides are a slightly lighter green tone. In late spring, small clusters of tiny white four-petaled flowers are shown atop the foliage, attracting insects for pollination. Afterward a reddish branched stem carries the light blue to whitish berries that will be eaten by birds. Fall foliar displays can include deep red-maroon shades.

Place roundleaf dogwood in partial sun to partial shade in a moist, well-draining soil that is rich in organic matter for finest growth. It is tolerant of slightly drier clays as well as moist, humusy sand. Use it in naturalistic woodland or ravine gardens to attract songbrids, an informal hedge, or as an accent in the mixed shrub border.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    7 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    3 - 7

  • Sunset Zone

    A3, 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

  • Plant Type

    Shrub

  • Sun Exposure

    Partial Shade

  • Height

    4'-10' / 1.2m - 3.0m

  • Width

    4'-8' / 1.2m - 2.4m

  • Bloom Time

    Late Spring, Early Summer

  • Native To

    North America, United States, Northeastern United States, Mid-Atlantic United States, North-Central United States, Canada

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Oval/Rounded

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    White

  • Fruit Color

    Light Blue

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Dark Red

  • Bark Color

    Brown

  • Fragrant Flowers

    Yes

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    Yes

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Glossy

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    Yes

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Smooth

  • Usage

    Hedges, Mixed Border, Screening / Wind Break

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Attracts

    Birds

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes