Mark A. Miller
CORYLUS avellana 'Red Majestic'
Plant Common Name
Common Filbert, Purpleleaf Contorted Filbert
If you enjoy the four-season interest of Harry Lauder's walking stick ('Contorta'), 'Red Majestic' will give you amorous heart palpitations. Purpleleaf contorted filbert is an ornamental multi-stemmed shrub with vibrant foliage that is crinkled and purple when it first emerges, turns reddish purple in summer, and by fall transitions to glorious burgundy before falling away to reveal beautifully contorted branches. Its conspicuous male flowers, which are drooping purplish-burgundy catkins, bloom in late winter to early spring, before any leaves emerge.
A hardy, deciduous tree, European hazelnut produces rounded or heart-shaped leaves with double serrated edges. Trees are monoecious, which means single plants either have all male or all female flowers. The conspicuous male flowers are drooping catkins that bloom in late winter or early spring, before the leaves emerge. Female trees bear tiny yellow flowers around the same time as the male flowers, and generate hazelnut fruits over the course of the season. The nuts are wrapped in green, leafy sheaths that turn brown as the nuts ripen. Hazelnuts are usually ready to harvest in mid- to late-fall. Wild specimens often sucker and form dense thickets.
For best performance plant trees where there's plenty of sun and soil is fertile with average to good drainage. Monitor the base of the shrub, promptly pruning away any suckering shoots that appear from the green-leaved rootstock. This is one of the best ornamental shrubs for alkaline soils. It would make an eye-catching specimen for a sunny woodland clearing or a focal point in a large mixed shrub border or spacious foundation bed.
AHS Heat Zone
8 - 1
USDA Hardiness Zone
4 - 8
1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20
Full Sun, Partial Sun, Partial Shade
8'-12' / 2.4m - 3.7m
9'-10' / 2.7m - 3.0m
Early Spring, Late Winter
Europe, Eastern Europe, Western Asia
Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline
Clay, Loam, Sand
Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter