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CORYLUS avellana 'Red Majestic'

Image of Corylus avellana 'Red Majestic'

Mark A. Miller

Family

Betulaceae

Botanical Name

CORYLUS avellana 'Red Majestic'

Plant Common Name

Common Filbert, Purpleleaf Contorted Filbert

General Description

If you enjoy the four-season interest of Harry Lauder's walking stick ('Contorta'), 'Red Majestic' will give you amorous heart palpitations. Purpleleaf contorted filbert is an ornamental multi-stemmed shrub with vibrant foliage that is crinkled and purple when it first emerges, turns reddish purple in summer, and by fall transitions to glorious burgundy before falling away to reveal beautifully contorted branches. Its conspicuous male flowers, which are drooping purplish-burgundy catkins, bloom in late winter to early spring, before any leaves emerge.

A hardy, deciduous tree, European hazelnut produces rounded or heart-shaped leaves with double serrated edges. Trees are monoecious, which means single plants either have all male or all female flowers. The conspicuous male flowers are drooping catkins that bloom in late winter or early spring, before the leaves emerge. Female trees bear tiny yellow flowers around the same time as the male flowers, and generate hazelnut fruits over the course of the season. The nuts are wrapped in green, leafy sheaths that turn brown as the nuts ripen. Hazelnuts are usually ready to harvest in mid- to late-fall. Wild specimens often sucker and form dense thickets.

For best performance plant trees where there's plenty of sun and soil is fertile with average to good drainage. Monitor the base of the shrub, promptly pruning away any suckering shoots that appear from the green-leaved rootstock. This is one of the best ornamental shrubs for alkaline soils. It would make an eye-catching specimen for a sunny woodland clearing or a focal point in a large mixed shrub border or spacious foundation bed.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    8 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    4 - 8

  • Sunset Zone

    1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20

  • Plant Type

    Shrub

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun, Partial Shade

  • Height

    8'-12' / 2.4m - 3.7m

  • Width

    9'-10' / 2.7m - 3.0m

  • Bloom Time

    Early Spring, Late Winter

  • Native To

    Europe, Eastern Europe, Western Asia

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Average

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Tolerances

    Drought

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Habit

    Oval/Rounded

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    Burgundy, Copper

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Red, Purple

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Purple, Dark Red, Copper

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Burgundy, Bronze

  • Bark Color

    Burgundy, Brown, Sandy Brown

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Coarse

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Smooth

  • Usage

    Container, Feature Plant, Foundation, Mixed Border

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    No