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COTYLEDON

Image of Cotyledon

Family

Crassulaceae

Botanical Name

COTYLEDON

Plant Common Name

Cotyledon, Plakkie

General Description

These succulent shrubs and subshrubs from southern Africa are valued for their handsome evergreen or deciduous foliage and their drought tolerance. The paired fleshy leaves are often densely borne along prostrate or upright branches, which may reach head-height. The rounded, mint-green to silvery-blue leaves have scalloped or toothed edges. Many-flowered umbels of nodding, bell-shaped flowers occur at the tips of long flowering stems in summer, winter, or year-round. The yellow, orange, or red blooms usually have conspicuous green sepals.

These succulents do best in well-drained soil and bright light, with protection from scorching midday sun. They prefer cool dry winters. Use them outdoors in mild climates, or as conservatory or house plants in colder climes.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    12 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    10 - 15

  • Plant Type

    Cactus or Succulent

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    1'-6' / 0.3m - 1.8m

  • Width

    1'-6' / 0.3m - 1.8m

  • Bloom Time

    Indeterminate

  • Native To

    Eastern Africa, Southern Africa

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Sand

  • Tolerances

    Drought

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Water Requirements

    Drought Tolerant

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    Yellow, Red, Green, Orange

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green, Blue Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green, Blue Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Green, Blue Green

  • Bark Color

    Gray

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    Yes

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Container, Houseplant, Mixed Border, Rock Garden / Wall

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    No