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CRASSULA perforata

Image of Crassula perforata

John Rickard

Family

Crassulaceae

Botanical Name

CRASSULA perforata

Plant Common Name

General Description

Closely paired on fleshy stems, the clasping, stubby, triangular leaves of this perennial succulent from southeastern Africa resemble a string of beads. The thick, succulent, evergreen leaves are downy and coated with a silvery bloom. Their margins turn red in sun and heat. The short upright stems become pendulous as they age and lengthen. Long cylindrical clusters of small yellowish white flowers are borne on red stalks in late winter and spring, and sporadically at other seasons. The fragrant blooms attact hummingbirds.

Like most succulents, this plant requires fast drainage, whether grown in gardens or containers. It prefers full sun, although requires shade from scorching sun. Plants will tolerate a few degrees of frost. Remove spent flower stems to improve appearance and prevent self-sowing. Potted plants may be kept indoors over winter, or grown as house plants.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    12 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    9 - 12

  • Sunset Zone

    8, 9, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Cactus or Succulent

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    6"-10" / 15.2cm - 25.4cm

  • Width

    1'-2' / 0.3m - 0.6m

  • Bloom Time

    Early Spring, Spring, Late Winter, Indeterminate

  • Native To

    Southern Africa

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Sand

  • Tolerances

    Drought

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Water Requirements

    Drought Tolerant

  • Habit

    Clump-Forming

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    White, Light Yellow

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Red, Gray Green, Silver

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Gray Green, Silver

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Red, Gray Green, Silver

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Red, Gray Green, Silver

  • Fragrant Flowers

    Yes

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    Yes

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Container, Hanging Basket, Houseplant, Mixed Border, Rock Garden / Wall

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Attracts

    Hummingbirds, Butterflies

  • Self-Sowing

    No