Advanced Search Filters

Plant Type
Hardiness Zone
Heat Zone
Sunset Zone
Function
Sun Exposure
Soil Moisture
Water Requirement

CRATAEGUS coccinioides

Image of Crataegus coccinioides

James H. Schutte

Family

Rosaceae

Botanical Name

CRATAEGUS coccinioides

Plant Common Name

Kansas Hawthorn, Red Hawthorn

General Description

Although rare in gardens, this small, spiny, round-headed tree from the central United States is attractive year-round. Its gray spreading branches bear oval, sharply toothed leaves that are shallowly lobed toward their tips. They change from yellow-green when new to dull dark green in late spring to orange and red in fall. The foliage may be marred by rust. Clusters of 5 to 7 white flowers open in spring, giving rise to bunches of spherical to pear-shaped fruits that ripen glossy bright red in early fall. The ripe fruits persist for several weeks. With its broad habit and reddish purple spines, this hawthorn offers considerable winter interest.

Hawthorns succeed in various soils but do best with good drainage and full sun. Cedar hawthorn rust can disfigure both foliage and fruits. This small tree is an excellent choice for a mixed border, boundary hedge, or naturalistic planting. Site it where its spines will not harm pedestrians and vehicles. It may escape gardens by self-sowing.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    9 - 5

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    5 - 9

  • Plant Type

    Tree

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    12'-20' / 3.7m - 6.1m

  • Width

    12'-20' / 3.7m - 6.1m

  • Bloom Time

    Spring, Late Spring

  • Native To

    Central United States

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Oval/Rounded

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    White

  • Fruit Color

    Red

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Light Green, Yellow Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Red, Orange

  • Bark Color

    Brown, Gray

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    Yes

  • Edible Fruit

    Yes

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Platy

  • Usage

    Hedges, Mixed Border, Screening / Wind Break

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    Yes

  • Invasive

    No

  • Attracts

    Birds

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes