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CRATAEGUS crus-galli (CRUSADER®)

Image of Crataegus crus-galli var. inermis 'Cruzam' (CRUSADER®)

Family

Rosaceae

Botanical Name

CRATAEGUS crus-galli var. inermis 'Cruzam'(CRUSADER®)

Plant Common Name

Cockspur Hawthorn, Crusader® Thornless Hawthorn

General Description

An eastern North American native that offers a striking habit, attractive flowers, and showy fruit, cockspur hawthorn is a tree for all seasons. Crusader® possesses all the species' virtues but lacks the usual vicious spines. Its spiny, stiffly horizontal branches are furnished with oval, glossy dark green, deciduous leaves that turn bright crimson or purple-bronze in the fall. Abundant heads of somewhat fetid white flowers open in late spring, giving rise to small spherical fruits that ripen orange-red in fall. The fruits persist into winter. This tree's low, wide-spreading crown is an eye-catching feature in the winter landscape, especially when frosted with snow.

Hawthorns succeed in various soils but require good drainage and full sun. They usually do best in slightly acidic soil. Thin out excess twigs to emphasize the dramatic branching pattern. Cedar hawthorn rust can disfigure both foliage and fruits. This unarmed cultivar is especially useful near walkways and parking lots. Cockspur hawthorn may escape gardens by self-sowing, and is considered a weed in some areas.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    7 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    4 - 7

  • Sunset Zone

    1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 14, 15, 16, 17

  • Plant Type

    Tree

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun

  • Height

    20'-30' / 6.1m - 9.1m

  • Width

    20'-35' / 6.1m - 10.7m

  • Bloom Time

    Late Spring, Early Summer

  • Native To

    North America, United States, Northeastern United States, Mid-Atlantic United States, Southeastern United States, Central United States, Canada

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Tolerances

    Drought

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Spreading

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    White

  • Fruit Color

    Red, Dark Red, Orange Red

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Purple, Crimson, Bronze

  • Bark Color

    Brown, Sandy Brown, Gray

  • Fragrant Flowers

    Yes

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    Yes

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Glossy

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Fissured

  • Usage

    Feature Plant, Foundation, Hedges, Mixed Border, Screening / Wind Break, Shade Trees, Street Trees, Topiary / Bonsai / Espalier

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    Sometimes

  • Attracts

    Birds

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes