CRATAEGUS crus-galli var. inermis 'Cruzam'(CRUSADER®)
Plant Common Name
Cockspur Hawthorn, Crusader® Thornless Hawthorn
An eastern North American native that offers a striking habit, attractive flowers, and showy fruit, cockspur hawthorn is a tree for all seasons. Crusader® possesses all the species' virtues but lacks the usual vicious spines. Its spiny, stiffly horizontal branches are furnished with oval, glossy dark green, deciduous leaves that turn bright crimson or purple-bronze in the fall. Abundant heads of somewhat fetid white flowers open in late spring, giving rise to small spherical fruits that ripen orange-red in fall. The fruits persist into winter. This tree's low, wide-spreading crown is an eye-catching feature in the winter landscape, especially when frosted with snow.
Hawthorns succeed in various soils but require good drainage and full sun. They usually do best in slightly acidic soil. Thin out excess twigs to emphasize the dramatic branching pattern. Cedar hawthorn rust can disfigure both foliage and fruits. This unarmed cultivar is especially useful near walkways and parking lots. Cockspur hawthorn may escape gardens by self-sowing, and is considered a weed in some areas.
AHS Heat Zone
7 - 1
USDA Hardiness Zone
4 - 7
1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 14, 15, 16, 17
20'-30' / 6.1m - 9.1m
20'-35' / 6.1m - 10.7m
Late Spring, Early Summer
North America, United States, Northeastern United States, Mid-Atlantic United States, Southeastern United States, Central United States, Canada
Feature Plant, Foundation, Hedges, Mixed Border, Screening / Wind Break, Shade Trees, Street Trees, Topiary / Bonsai / Espalier
Sharp or Has Thorns