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CRATAEGUS laevigata 'Paul's Scarlet'

Image of Crataegus laevigata 'Paul's Scarlet'

Jesse Saylor

Family

Rosaceae

Botanical Name

CRATAEGUS laevigata 'Paul's Scarlet'

Plant Common Name

Paul's Scarlet Hawthorn, Smooth Hawthorn

General Description

English hawthorn is a small, low-branched, round-headed deciduous tree from Europe. Originating in 1858 as a sport of 'Rosea Flora Pleno', 'Paul's Scarlet' (a.k.a. 'Paulii' and 'Coccinea Plena') is arguably the showiest hawthorn in flower. Abundant clusters of double rose-red blooms adorn its branches in late spring, followed by a scattering of small spherical fruits that ripen red in fall. The small, lobed, glossy dark green leaves are highly susceptible to leaf blight, which can cause premature defoliation. The stiff spreading or ascending limbs brandish long spines, which are beautiful when frosted with snow.

Although tolerating a wide range of conditions, this tree does best in well drained soil and full sun. It fares poorly in hot or humid climates. Where it does well it makes a lovely specimen tree with year-round interest. Site this tree where its spines will not harm pedestrians and vehicles. English hawthorn sometimes escapes gardens, and is considered a weed in some areas.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    8 - 3

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    5 - 8

  • Sunset Zone

    A2, A3, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 14, 15, 16, 17

  • Plant Type

    Tree

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun

  • Height

    15'-20' / 4.6m - 6.1m

  • Width

    18'-22' / 5.5m - 6.7m

  • Bloom Time

    Late Spring

  • Native To

    Europe

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Growth Rate

    Slow

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Oval/Rounded

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    Pink, Magenta, Rose

  • Fruit Color

    Red

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Green

  • Bark Color

    Brown, Gray

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Double

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Glossy

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Fissured

  • Usage

    Feature Plant, Hedges, Screening / Wind Break, Shade Trees, Street Trees

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    Yes

  • Invasive

    Sometimes

  • Attracts

    Birds

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes