Helping You Become a More Successful Gardener
James H. Schutte
A large hawthorn worth growing for its edible fruit as well as for its ornamental attributes, this medium-sized deciduous tree from eastern North America has long been a favorite in gardens. Broad and domed in habit, it bears relatively large, oval, deeply toothed leaves that change from downy-gray when new to medium green in late spring to yellow or bronze in fall. The foliage is often marred by rust. Dense clusters of small white somewhat fetid flowers open in spring, giving rise to bunches of spherical to pear-shaped fruits that ripen bright red in late summer. The fruits soon drop from the tree. The gray horizontal to slightly ascending branches are sometimes spiny.
Hawthorns succeed in various soils but require good drainage and full sun. They usually do best in slightly acidic soil. Thin out excess twigs to emphasize this tree's attractive horzontal branching pattern. Cedar hawthorn rust can disfigure both foliage and fruits. Site this tree where its spines will not harm pedestrians and vehicles. Downy hawthorn may escape gardens by self-sowing.
6 - 1
3 - 6
1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 14, 15, 16, 17
25'-30' / 7.6m - 9.1m
30'-40' / 9.1m - 12.2m
Northeastern United States, Mid-Atlantic United States, Southeastern United States, Central United States, Canada
Clay, Loam, Sand
Yellow, Burgundy, Bronze
Edible, Fruit / Fruit Tree, Shade Trees
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