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CRATAEGUS monogyna 'Stricta'

Image of Crataegus monogyna 'Stricta'

Jesse Saylor

Family

Rosaceae

Botanical Name

CRATAEGUS monogyna 'Stricta'

Plant Common Name

Upright Oneseed Hawthorn

General Description

Long grown in its native Europe as a hedge plant, singleseed hawthorn is a small, low-branched, deciduous tree renowned for its toughness. The cultivar 'Stricta' has upright branches forming a narrow crown. It bears clusters of sweet-scented white flowers in showy abundance in late spring, followed by small spherical fruits that ripen red in fall. The small, lobed, glossy dark green leaves do not brighten before dropping in fall. The ascending limbs have attractive yellowish-green bark and brandish numerous spines.

Although tolerating a wide range of conditions, this tree does best in well drained soil and full sun. It fares poorly in regions with hot humid summers. Cedar hawthorn rust can disfigure both foliage and fruits. Where it does well it makes a lovely specimen or hedging tree with year-round interest. The edible fruits can be made into jelly. Site this tree where its spines will not harm pedestrians and vehicles. Singleseed hawthorn sometimes escapes gardens, and is considered a weed in some areas.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    7 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    5 - 7

  • Sunset Zone

    1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 14, 15, 16, 17

  • Plant Type

    Tree

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun

  • Height

    20'-30' / 6.1m - 9.1m

  • Width

    8'-10' / 2.4m - 3.0m

  • Bloom Time

    Late Spring

  • Native To

    Europe, Northern Africa, Western Asia

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Tolerances

    Salt

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Upright/Erect

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    White

  • Fruit Color

    Red

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Dark Green

  • Bark Color

    Orange, Yellow Green, Olive, Brown

  • Fragrant Flowers

    Yes

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    Yes

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Glossy

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Smooth

  • Usage

    Feature Plant, Hedges, Mixed Border, Screening / Wind Break, Topiary / Bonsai / Espalier

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    Yes

  • Invasive

    Sometimes

  • Attracts

    Birds

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes