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CRATAEGUS punctata

Image of Crataegus punctata

Jesse Saylor

Family

Rosaceae

Botanical Name

CRATAEGUS punctata

Plant Common Name

Spotted Hawthorn

General Description

With its abundant spring flowers, bright fall color, and picturesque, wide-spreading crown, this small to medium-sized deciduous tree from eastern North America offers year-round interest. Broad and flat-topped in habit, it bears toothed, oval, dull green leaves that turn yellow in fall. The leaves are creased by a prominent midvein and numerous parallel, forward-pointing lateral veins. Numerous clusters of small white flowers open in late spring, giving rise to bunches of spherical to pear-shaped fruits that ripen orange-red in early fall. The fruits soon drop from the tree. The gray horizontal to slightly ascending limbs brandish fearsome spines. The cultivar 'Ohio Pioneer' is unarmed.

Hawthorns succeed in various soils but require good drainage and full sun. They usually do best in slightly acidic soil. Thin out excess twigs to emphasize this tree's attractive horzontal branching pattern. Cedar hawthorn rust can disfigure both foliage and fruits. Site this tree where its spines will not harm pedestrians and vehicles. Spotted hawthorn may escape gardens by self-sowing.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    8 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    5 - 8

  • Sunset Zone

    2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 14, 15, 16, 17

  • Plant Type

    Tree

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun

  • Height

    15'-30' / 4.6m - 9.1m

  • Width

    25'-40' / 7.6m - 12.2m

  • Bloom Time

    Late Spring

  • Native To

    Northeastern United States, Mid-Atlantic United States, Southeastern United States, Central United States, Canada

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Spreading

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    White

  • Fruit Color

    Orange Red

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Yellow

  • Bark Color

    Gray

  • Fragrant Flowers

    Yes

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    Yes

  • Edible Fruit

    Yes

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Fissured

  • Usage

    Feature Plant, Topiary / Bonsai / Espalier

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    Yes

  • Invasive

    No

  • Attracts

    Birds

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes