Helping You Become a More Successful Gardener
With its abundant spring flowers, bright fall color, and picturesque, wide-spreading crown, this small to medium-sized deciduous tree from eastern North America offers year-round interest. Broad and flat-topped in habit, it bears toothed, oval, dull green leaves that turn yellow in fall. The leaves are creased by a prominent midvein and numerous parallel, forward-pointing lateral veins. Numerous clusters of small white flowers open in late spring, giving rise to bunches of spherical to pear-shaped fruits that ripen orange-red in early fall. The fruits soon drop from the tree. The gray horizontal to slightly ascending limbs brandish fearsome spines. The cultivar 'Ohio Pioneer' is unarmed.
Hawthorns succeed in various soils but require good drainage and full sun. They usually do best in slightly acidic soil. Thin out excess twigs to emphasize this tree's attractive horzontal branching pattern. Cedar hawthorn rust can disfigure both foliage and fruits. Site this tree where its spines will not harm pedestrians and vehicles. Spotted hawthorn may escape gardens by self-sowing.
8 - 1
5 - 8
2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 14, 15, 16, 17
15'-30' / 4.6m - 9.1m
25'-40' / 7.6m - 12.2m
Northeastern United States, Mid-Atlantic United States, Southeastern United States, Central United States, Canada
Clay, Loam, Sand
Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter
Feature Plant, Topiary / Bonsai / Espalier
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