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CRATAEGUS viridis 'Winter King'

Image of Crataegus viridis 'Winter King'

Debbie Schilling

Family

Rosaceae

Botanical Name

CRATAEGUS viridis 'Winter King'

Plant Common Name

Green Hawthorn, Winter King Hawthorn

General Description

With larger red fruits and a prettier form and bark than its parent species, a native of the eastern United States, the selection ‘Winter King’ is a tough and exceptional ornamental tree. A thorny, vase-shaped to rounded, deciduous tree, it has platy bark that exfoliates to reveal tones of gray, green and orange. It blooms with white flowers in the spring, and the glossy, green leaves turn red in the fall. There is a very impressive display of red fruits in fall and into winter.

Winter King hawthorn can grow in most soil types but is best in non-alkaline, well-drained soil and full sun. This tree is ideal as a specimen or street tree where its pleasing architecture, bark and colorful fruits can be a focal point. With thorns on its branches, do not position it too closely to walkways. Planting this tree in front of a dark background of conifers will accentuate its beauty in all seasons.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    7 - 5

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    4 - 7

  • Sunset Zone

    2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 14, 15, 16, 17

  • Plant Type

    Tree

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun

  • Height

    18'-25' / 5.5m - 7.6m

  • Width

    20'-30' / 6.1m - 9.1m

  • Bloom Time

    Late Spring

  • Native To

    United States, Mid-Atlantic United States, Southeastern United States, Central United States, South-Central United States, Texas

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Tolerances

    Pollution, Drought

  • Growth Rate

    Slow

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Oval/Rounded

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    White

  • Fruit Color

    Red, Crimson

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Red

  • Bark Color

    Gray

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    Yes

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Glossy

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Platy

  • Usage

    Feature Plant, Shade Trees, Street Trees

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    Yes

  • Invasive

    No

  • Attracts

    Birds

  • Self-Sowing

    No