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CRATAEGUS viridis

Image of Crataegus viridis

James Burghardt

Family

Rosaceae

Botanical Name

CRATAEGUS viridis

Plant Common Name

Green Hawthorn

General Description

Green hawthorn is a thorny, vase shaped, deciduous tree that is native to the eastern United States. The glossy green foliage turns red in the fall, while white flowers appear in late spring, attracting bees. There is a showy display of large, red fruit into fall and winter.

Green hawthorn can grow in most soil types but is best in non-alkaline, well drained soil and full sun. This tree is ideal as a specimen or street tree but be aware of the stiff, long thorns that line the wiry branches when situating it near roads, walkways or in the backyard. The selection 'Winter King' has excellent habit and flowering and fruiting qualities.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    7 - 5

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    4 - 7

  • Sunset Zone

    2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 14, 15, 16, 17

  • Plant Type

    Tree

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun

  • Height

    25'-40' / 7.6m - 12.2m

  • Width

    18'-30' / 5.5m - 9.1m

  • Bloom Time

    Late Spring

  • Native To

    United States, Mid-Atlantic United States, Southeastern United States, Central United States, South-Central United States, Texas

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Tolerances

    Pollution, Drought

  • Growth Rate

    Slow

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Oval/Rounded

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    White

  • Fruit Color

    Red

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Red

  • Bark Color

    Gray, Silver

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    Yes

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Glossy

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Platy

  • Usage

    Feature Plant, Shade Trees, Street Trees

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    Yes

  • Invasive

    No

  • Attracts

    Birds

  • Self-Sowing

    No