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CRINUM bulbispermum

Image of Crinum bulbispermum

Felder Rushing

Family

Liliaceae

Botanical Name

CRINUM bulbispermum

Plant Common Name

Bengal Lily, Cape Lily

Special Notice

This entry has yet to be reviewed and approved by L2G editors.

General Description

Native to South Africa, the cape lily is a bulbous clumping perennial with narrow tapering green leaves overlain with a grayish bloom and bare, upright, unbranched flower stems topped by fountain-like clusters of large, fragrant, trumpet-shaped pink or white flowers. In warm climates, the bulb may flower repeatedly. In cooler climates it blooms in spring. Among crinums, which are mainly warm climate bulbs, it is perhaps the most tolerant of cool to cold conditions. There are reports of bulbs surviving winter in Zone 5 when heavily protected, but otherwise the bulbs are hardy to Zone 7. The plant has naturalized in parts of the American Southwest.

Cape lily grows best in full sun and well-drained soil. It needs steady moisture when new leaves emerge and is hardier and happier if the soil is drier over the winter when growth halts or, in cold climates, the leaves wither. This plant makes a striking and unusual specimen in beds and borders.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    9 - 6

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    7 - 9

  • Sunset Zone

    H1, H2, 8, 9, 12, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Bulb or Corm or Tuber

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    20"-24" / 50.8cm - 61.0cm

  • Width

    40"-48" / 101.6cm - 121.9cm

  • Bloom Time

    Spring, Late Spring, Early Summer, Summer, Late Summer, Early Fall

  • Native To

    Southern Africa

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil type

    Loam, Sand

  • Growth Rate

    Fast

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Clump-Forming

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    White, Pink

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Gray Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Light Green, Gray Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Gray Green

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    Yes

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Cutflower, Feature Plant, Mixed Border

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    No