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International Flower Bulb Centre
CROCUS flavus ssp. flavus
Yellow Spring Crocus
Opening its bright sunny flowers during some of the dullest and coldest days of the year, this variable crocus from Turkey and southeastern Europe is best known by its large-flowered hybrid, 'Dutch Yellow.' Numerous other selections and hybrids of Crocus flavus have been introduced since it entered gardens more than 400 years ago. Most of these are now lost.
Growing from a small bulb-like storage organ known as a corm, this diminutive herbaceous perennial sends up one to four fragrant, pale yellow to deep orange-yellow flowers in late winter or early spring, just as the grassy, medium-green leaves emerge. Held on short, upright, stalk-like floral tubes, the starry, six-"petaled" flowers have yellow anthers and yellow to orange-yellow styles. The flowers' exteriors are sometimes streaked or tinted with chocolate-purple at the base. The foliage goes dormant in mid-spring.
Grow this alluring crocus in full sun and fertile, well-drained soil. It does best in dryish summers and chilly winters. Use it at the front of a border or in a rock garden or trough. It will sometimes self-sow. It is also good for forcing in pots.
8 - 1
5 - 8
1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
Bulb or Corm or Tuber
3"-4" / 7.6cm - 10.2cm
2"-4" / 5.1cm - 10.2cm
Early Spring, Late Winter
Eastern Europe, Southern Europe, Turkey
Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline
Yellow, Light Yellow, Chocolate
Alpine, Container, Mixed Border, Rock Garden / Wall, Wildflower
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