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CROCUS fleischeri

Image of Crocus fleischeri

Russell Stafford

Family

Iridaceae

Botanical Name

CROCUS fleischeri

Plant Common Name

Aegean Crocus

General Description

A charming, early-blooming "bulb" with a striking color scheme, this little crocus comes from the Aegean islands and western and southern Turkey.

Growing from a small yellowish bulb-like storage organ known as a corm, this diminutive herbaceous perennial sends up one or two fragrant white flowers in winter or early spring, just as the grassy, medium-green or gray-green leaves emerge. Held on short, upright, stalk-like floral tubes, the starry, six-"petaled" flowers have yellow anthers and throats and bright orange-red styles. The three outer segments often have purple basal blotches or midstripes on their exteriors. The foliage goes dormant in mid-spring.

Grow this alluring crocus in full sun to light shade and fertile, sharply drained, neutral to alkaline soil. It does best in mild dryish summers and cool to cold winters. Use it at the front of a border or in a rock garden or trough. It will often self-sow, eventually forming large colonies that are unforgettable in flower.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    7 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    5 - 8

  • Sunset Zone

    1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Bulb or Corm or Tuber

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun, Partial Shade

  • Height

    2"-3" / 5.1cm - 7.6cm

  • Width

    2"-3" / 5.1cm - 7.6cm

  • Bloom Time

    Early Spring, Winter, Late Winter

  • Native To

    Mediterranean, Turkey

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Loam, Sand

  • Tolerances

    Drought, Salt

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Clump-Forming

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    White, Yellow, Purple, Orange Red

  • Flower Color Modifier

    Multi-Color

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green, Gray Green

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Green, Gray Green

  • Fragrant Flowers

    Yes

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Fine

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Alpine, Container, Mixed Border, Rock Garden / Wall, Wildflower

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes