Advanced Search Filters

Plant Type
Hardiness Zone
Heat Zone
Sunset Zone
Function
Sun Exposure
Soil Moisture
Water Requirement

CROCUS niveus

Image of Crocus niveus

Family

Iridaceae

Botanical Name

CROCUS niveus

Plant Common Name

Grecian Autumn Crocus, Pale Autumn Crocus

General Description

Among the largest and most elegant of the fall-flowering crocuses, this native of southern Greece was introduced to gardens more than 100 years ago.

Growing from a small bulb-like storage organ known as a corm, this diminutive herbaceous perennial sends up one or two white or pale-lilac flowers in early to mid-autumn, just as the grassy, dark green leaves emerge. Held singly atop ankle-high, stalk-like floral tubes, the fragrant, goblet-shaped blooms have six "petals" (or segments) in two whorls. In bright sun the flowers open wide to reveal a yellow eye, yellow anthers, and red-orange, many-branched stigmas. The leaves go dormant by mid-spring.

Grow this alluring crocus in full sun and fertile, well-drained soil. It does best in dryish summers and chilly winters. Plant it in clumps in the rock garden or perennial border, or dot it among evergreen groundcovers for protection from wind and feet. It also works well in containers, which can be brought under cover for protection from excessive damp and cold.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    8 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    5 - 8

  • Sunset Zone

    1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Bulb or Corm or Tuber

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun

  • Height

    3"-6" / 7.6cm - 15.2cm

  • Width

    2"-4" / 5.1cm - 10.2cm

  • Bloom Time

    Early Fall, Fall, Late Fall

  • Native To

    Southern Europe, Mediterranean

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Loam, Sand

  • Tolerances

    Drought

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Water Requirements

    Drought Tolerant, Average Water

  • Habit

    Clump-Forming

  • Seasonal Interest

    Fall

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    White, Yellow, Lavender

  • Flower Color Modifier

    Bicolor

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Dark Green

  • Fragrant Flowers

    Yes

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Fine

  • Foliage Sheen

    Glossy

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Alpine, Container, Mixed Border, Rock Garden / Wall, Wildflower

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes