Advanced Search Filters

Plant Type
Hardiness Zone
Heat Zone
Sunset Zone
Function
Sun Exposure
Soil Moisture
Water Requirement

CROCUS x luteus

Image of Crocus x luteus

International Flower Bulb Centre

Family

Iridaceae

Botanical Name

CROCUS x luteus

Plant Common Name

Golden Crocus

General Description

Glowing like drops of sunlight in the late winter and early spring garden, the golden yellow flowers of this hybrid crocus are wonderful among snowdrops and tommy crocuses. A small herbaceous perennial that grows from a corm (bulb-like storage organ), it is sterile and thus does not self-sow. It slowly forms larger clumps through multiplication of its corms.

Golden, cup-shaped, six-"petaled" flowers, one to two per corm, arise on short stalk-like floral tubes in early spring, blooming with the late snowdrops. The outer three "petals" sometimes have bronze or chocolate markings on their exteriors. In bright sun the flowers open wide to reveal pure yellow interiors with yellow anthers and orange-yellow stigmas. The dark green, grass-like foliage accompanies the flowers and persists until late spring. The browning foliage indicates the corms are well fed and ready for their summer rest.

Grow golden crocus in full sun to light shade in an average, well-drained garden soil. It needs chilly winters to grow and flower successfully. Use this crocus to form brilliant clusters or drifts in the rockery or mixed border. It also works well in sparse lawns. Plants can be "forced" into bloom in pots. Squirrels and chipmunks often plunder the corms, which should be planted deeply or under hardware cloth to increase their chance of survival. Cultivars include the large, robust, brightly hued 'Golden Yellow' ('Dutch Yellow'); and 'Stellaris', whose yellow flowers have bronze pencil markings.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    8 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    3 - 8

  • Sunset Zone

    1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Bulb or Corm or Tuber

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    3"-4" / 7.6cm - 10.2cm

  • Width

    2"-4" / 5.1cm - 10.2cm

  • Bloom Time

    Early Spring, Late Winter

  • Native To

    Hybrid Origin

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Loam, Sand

  • Tolerances

    Drought

  • Growth Rate

    Slow

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Clump-Forming

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    Yellow, Gold

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Dark Green

  • Fragrant Flowers

    Yes

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Fine

  • Foliage Sheen

    Glossy

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Alpine, Container, Feature Plant, Lawns and Turf, Mixed Border, Rock Garden / Wall, Wildflower

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    No