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CUCUMIS sativus 'Japanese Long Pickling'

Image of Cucumis sativus 'Japanese Long Pickling'

Family

Cucurbitaceae

Botanical Name

CUCUMIS sativus 'Japanese Long Pickling'

Plant Common Name

Cucumber, Japanese Long Pickling Cucumber

General Description

The long, slender, tender-skinned fruits of this Japanese-style cucumber are good for salads or refrigerator pickles. The crispy, nearly seedless "cukes" have a mild sweet flavor and are easy on the digestion. This variety grows from seed to harvest in 75 days. The cucumbers can grow to 20 inches (50 cm) long and 1.5 inches (4 cm) wide, but are best when about 12 inches (30 cm) long.

Asian in origin, cucumbers have been cultivated since ancient times for their prickly, tough-skinned, succulent fruits. These frost-tender annual vines bear large, lobed, rough-textured leaves on long, bristly, trailing stems that climb via clinging tendrils. Mature plants produce yellow flowers that are either male or female. Pollen-bearing male flowers appear first, followed by the fruit-bearing female flowers. The female flowers are easily recognizable by the bulbous ovaries at their bases.

Grow your cucumbers in full sun and fertile, evenly moist, perfectly drained garden loam. After the threat of frost passes, sow cucumber seeds directly in the ground. If transplanting container-grown plants, take care to not damage their tender white roots unless they are root-bound. Root-bound plants can be saved only if their roots are gently teased apart before planting. Be sure to harvest fruits regularly, so they will continue to flower and produce fruit. Overripe cucumbers have spongy, bitter flesh and large, tough seeds, so it’s best to harvest them when they are young and crisp.

Cucumbers may be trained up a trellis or cage or allowed to ramble freely across the ground. "Trained" plants occupy less space and produce straighter "cukes." Fresh or pickled, cucumbers are a favorite vegetable, and they are as easy to grow as they are tasty.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    12 - 1

  • Sunset Zone

    A1, A2, A3, H1, H2, 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Vegetable

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    6"-10" / 15.2cm - 25.4cm

  • Width

    6'-12' / 1.8m - 3.7m

  • Bloom Time

    Early Summer, Summer, Late Summer, Early Fall, Indeterminate

  • Native To

    Hybrid Origin, Southern Asia

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Loam

  • Growth Rate

    Very Fast

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Vining/Climbing

  • Seasonal Interest

    Summer, Fall

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    Yellow

  • Fruit Color

    Yellow Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Green

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    Yes

  • Showy Fruit

    Yes

  • Edible Fruit

    Yes

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Coarse

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Edible, Herb / Vegetable, Vine

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    No