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CUCURBITA maxima 'Burgess Buttercup'

Image of Cucurbita maxima 'Burgess Buttercup'

Jessie Keith

Family

Cucurbitaceae

Botanical Name

CUCURBITA maxima 'Burgess Buttercup'

Plant Common Name

Burgess Buttercup Squash, Winter Squash

General Description

Winter squash 'Burgess Buttercup' bears squat, rounded turban-shaped fruit with hard, dark green rinds marked with pale ribbing. A heavy producer, it may yield up to 20 volleyball-sized fruits per plant. The smooth, semi-dry, bright golden yellow to orange flesh has outstanding flavor, and is great for soups and roasting. Fruits ripen approximately 90 to 100 days from sowing.

Originating from tropical South America, winter squash have been cultivated since ancient times by Native Americans. These warm season, annual vines produce large, golden yellow, trumpet-shaped blossoms, and both male and female flowers appear on the same plant. The male flowers appear first, followed by the female flowers, which have distinctive bulbous ovaries at their bases, and are pollinated by bees. These develop into fruits after pollination, and are often masked by the plant’s huge, bristly, lobed foliage.

Sow winter squash seeds directly into mounds of rich, light, well-drained soil after all danger of frost has passed. Full sun is required for successful flowering and fruiting. To reduce the risk of fungal problems, avoid unnecessary wetting of vine stems and leaves. Also monitor for stem borers, leaf bugs and beetles. As fruits mature in autumn, deer, larger birds and rodents may browse them, so protect as needed. Harvest before heavy frosts when fruit color is solid, rinds firm and the vines begin to die. Cut fruit from the stem, leaving a short “handle”, and take care not to cut or bruise them. Store in a cool, dry location, leaving space for air circulation to discourage the spread of mold.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    12 - 1

  • Sunset Zone

    A1, A2, A3, H1, H2, 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Vegetable

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun

  • Height

    1'-3' / 0.3m - 0.9m

  • Width

    10'-15' / 3.0m - 4.6m

  • Bloom Time

    Indeterminate

  • Native To

    South America

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Average

  • Soil type

    Loam

  • Growth Rate

    Very Fast

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Prostrate/Trailing

  • Seasonal Interest

    Fall

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    Yellow, Gold

  • Fruit Color

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green, Light Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Green, Dark Green, Yellow Green

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    Yes

  • Showy Fruit

    Yes

  • Edible Fruit

    Yes

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Coarse

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Edible, Herb / Vegetable

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Attracts

    Birds

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes