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CYDONIA oblonga

Image of Cydonia oblonga

Jessie Keith

Family

Rosaceae

Botanical Name

CYDONIA oblonga

Plant Common Name

Quince

General Description

Long cultivated for its fragrant, tasty fruit, this small, slow-growing deciduous tree from western and central Asia is also notable for its lovely spring flowers and its picturesque multi-trunked habit.

The simple oblong-oval leaves flush light green in spring, soon followed by large, five-petaled, white or pale pink blossoms that are visited by bees. The leaves mature to dull medium green with fuzzy, paler undersides. The pear-shaped to apple-shaped, fuzzy-skinned fruits ripen by early autumn, becoming fragrant and yellow. The leaves turn yellow before dropping in fall, exposing the gnarled trunk and branches.

Grow quince in full sun in well-drained, moderately fertile soil. Over-fertilization causes lush, fireblight-susceptible growth. This tree thrives in hot, relatively dry summers, and is less robust in humid climates. Do not till soil near the trunk; suckers may result. Remove any suckers that appear. Many cultivars have been selected over the years for the aroma, color, size, and fragrance of their fruit. White-fleshed selections include 'Havran'; 'Smyrna'; 'Pineapple'; and 'Cooke's Jumbo'. The fruits of 'Van Deman' and 'Aromatnaya' have yellow flesh; those of 'Apple' have orange-yellow flesh.

Quince fruits are perfect for fresh chutneys, sweet sauces, ciders, and preserves. Most are too astringent for eating out of hand. Fruits keep for many months if stored in a cool, dry, dark location.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    9 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    5 - 9

  • Sunset Zone

    2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Fruit

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    10'-25' / 3.0m - 7.6m

  • Width

    15'-25' / 4.6m - 7.6m

  • Bloom Time

    Spring

  • Native To

    Central Asia, Western Asia

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam

  • Growth Rate

    Slow

  • Water Requirements

    Drought Tolerant, Average Water

  • Habit

    Oval/Rounded

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    White, Light Pink

  • Fruit Color

    Yellow, Yellow Green

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green, Light Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Yellow

  • Bark Color

    Brown

  • Fragrant Flowers

    Yes

  • Fragrant Fruit

    Yes

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    Yes

  • Edible Fruit

    Yes

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Smooth

  • Usage

    Edible, Fruit / Fruit Tree, Mixed Border

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Attracts

    Birds

  • Self-Sowing

    No