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CYPERUS prolifer

Image of Cyperus prolifer

Grandiflora

Family

Cyperaceae

Botanical Name

CYPERUS prolifer

Plant Common Name

Papyrus

General Description

This bladeless dwarf papyrus provides a vertical accent to moist gardens and containers. Its slender stems are topped with spherical, grassy heads that look bold and interesting. This clump-forming evergreen sedge is a tender perennial that originates from southeastern Africa. Over time it spreads via brown rhizomes (underground stems).

The round or three-sided upright stems are green when young and mature to dark green. They are topped with a plume of grassy filaments that look appealing all year long. When growing conditions are warm, clusters of bronzy brown spikelets appear among the filaments. These flowers are pollinated by wind and the seeds are distributed by water.

Grow dwarf papyrus in a rich, fertile soil that is either moist or fully saturated with shallow water. Full to partial sun are acceptable for good growth. Where hardy, it can be planted in the ground or in submersible containers in a pond. Elsewhere, it can be planted as a tender perennial or brought indoors when outdoor temperatures become too cold. Cut back dead or dying stems in late fall and remove any fallen debris that may have collected amid the living stems.

Dwarf papyrus makes a great specimen plant for a submerged pot at the water's edge. Its vertical habit is accentuated by complimentary large-leaved or weeping ornamentals.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    12 - 7

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    8 - 11

  • Sunset Zone

    H1, H2, 16, 17, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Sedge or Rush

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    18"-36" / 45.7cm - 91.4cm

  • Width

    18"-24" / 45.7cm - 61.0cm

  • Bloom Time

    Early Summer, Summer

  • Native To

    Southern Africa

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Poorly Drained

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Tolerances

    Wet Site

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water, Ample Water

  • Habit

    Upright/Erect

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Insignificant

  • Flower Color

    Bronze, Brown, Sandy Brown

  • Fruit Color

    Brown

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Repeat Bloomer

    Yes

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Sheen

    Glossy

  • Evergreen

    Yes

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Bog Garden, Container, Cutflower, Tropical, Water Gardens

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes