Advanced Search Filters

Plant Type
Hardiness Zone
Heat Zone
Sunset Zone
Function
Sun Exposure
Soil Moisture
Water Requirement

CYRTOMIUM falcatum

Image of Cyrtomium falcatum

Gerald L. Klingaman

Family

Dryopteridaceae

Botanical Name

CYRTOMIUM falcatum

Plant Common Name

Japanese Hollyfern, Japanese Netvein Hollyfern

General Description

Japanese holly fern is an evergreen to deciduous fern with fronds that are glossy and dark green with toothed edges resembling holly. Large spore structures are visible on the undersides of fronds.

Grow in average to fertile, moist but well-drained soil with humus in shade or part shade. Make sure not to plant too deeply. Where evergreen, Japanese Holly fern makes a rich, green groundcover in winter and summer. Holly fern is also an interesting specimen plant and makes an excellent houseplant. Cultivars include ‘Cristatum’ and ‘Rochfordianum’.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    12 - 10

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    6 - 15

  • Sunset Zone

    H1, H2, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Fern

  • Sun Exposure

    Partial Shade, Full Shade

  • Height

    2'-0' / 0.6m - 0.0m

  • Width

    2'-3' / 0.6m - 0.9m

  • Native To

    Japan

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Loam

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Clump-Forming

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    None

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Dark Green

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Coarse

  • Foliage Sheen

    Glossy

  • Evergreen

    Semi-Evergreen

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Container, Feature Plant, Groundcover, Houseplant, Mixed Border, Rock Garden / Wall

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    Sometimes

  • Self-Sowing

    No