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DENDROBIUM farmeri

Image of Dendrobium farmeri

James Burghardt

Family

Orchidaceae

Botanical Name

DENDROBIUM farmeri

Plant Common Name

Dendrobium, Farmer's Dendrobium, Sentinel Orchid

General Description

This easily cultivated epiphytic orchid makes an excellent subject for containers and frost-free gardens. It is native to summer-moist forests from the eastern Himalayas to Malaysia, where it typically grows on the spreading branches of large trees.

This evergreen orchid bears leathery, dark green, lance-shaped leaves on swollen, four-angled stems known as "pseudobulbs." The fragrant, white to pale-lilac, yellow-lipped blooms occur in drooping, 20- to 40-flowered clusters from late winter into spring.

Farmer's dendrobium requires partial shade, tropical summers, and relatively cool, dry winters. Plant it in a container in a coarse "orchid" mix, or fix it to a tree limb. Water freely from early spring to late fall, and sparingly in winter. It makes a showy houseplant or garden specimen, combining well with bromeliads and other orchids.

Characteristics

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    12 - 15

  • Plant Type

    Epiphyte

  • Sun Exposure

    Partial Sun, Partial Shade

  • Height

    6"-18" / 15.2cm - 45.7cm

  • Width

    8"-18" / 20.3cm - 45.7cm

  • Bloom Time

    Early Spring, Late Winter

  • Native To

    Southern Asia, Southeastern Asia

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Growth Rate

    Slow

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water, Ample Water

  • Habit

    Clump-Forming

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    White, Yellow, Gold, Light Pink

  • Flower Color Modifier

    Bicolor

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Fragrant Flowers

    Yes

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    Yes

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Container, Hanging Basket, Houseplant, Rock Garden / Wall, Tropical

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    No