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DIANTHUS caryophyllus (CHABAUD SERIES)

Image of Dianthus caryophyllus (CHABAUD SERIES)

Syngenta

Family

Caryophyllaceae

Botanical Name

DIANTHUS caryophyllus( CHABAUD SERIES)

Plant Common Name

Chabaud Carnation

Special Notice

This entry has yet to be reviewed and approved by L2G editors.

General Description

The presumed parent of the familiar florist's carnation, this tender herbaceous perennial from the Mediterranean region bears starry, purple-pink flowers in late spring and summer. The fringed, clove-scented, five-petaled blooms are clustered on tall jointed stems above evergreen tufts of linear, grass-like, blue-green leaves.

Famous for their large, colorful, and often fragrant double flowers, florist's carnations result from centuries of breeding of Dianthus caryophyllus. The large white, pink, red, yellow, or multi-hued blooms are held on long, lax stems. These showy but floppy perennials are grown primarily for the florist's trade. Propagation is usually by cuttings.

Developed largely for garden use, so-called "border carnations" (such as 'Cinnamon Red Hots') are generally shorter, bushier, and sturdier than florist's carnations. Most are grown from seed.

Carnations thrive in full to part sun and well-drained neutral to alkaline soil. Performing best in areas with cool summers, they benefit from additional shade where summer temperatures are very hot. They can be grown as annuals in areas where they are not winter-hardy. Sow border carnation seed outdoors in fall (in areas where they are winter-hardy), or start indoors in late winter for planting out in early spring. Regular removal of faded flower stems encourages heavier reblooming. Use border carnations in cottage gardens, containers, and mixed borders. Their lovely blossoms also make excellent, long lasting cut flowers, and often attract bees and butterflies.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    9 - 6

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    6 - 9

  • Sunset Zone

    A2, A3, 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Perennial

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    18"-32" / 45.7cm - 81.3cm

  • Width

    12"-24" / 30.5cm - 61.0cm

  • Bloom Time

    Late Spring, Early Summer, Summer

  • Native To

    Mediterranean

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Loam, Sand

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Clump-Forming

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    White, Red, Light Yellow, Pink

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Blue Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Blue Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Blue Green

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Blue Green, Gray

  • Fragrant Flowers

    Yes

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Double

  • Repeat Bloomer

    Yes

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Fine

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    Yes

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Container, Cutflower, Mixed Border, Rock Garden / Wall

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Attracts

    Butterflies

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes