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DIANTHUS plumarius

Image of Dianthus plumarius

Gerald L. Klingaman

Family

Caryophyllaceae

Botanical Name

DIANTHUS plumarius

Plant Common Name

Clove Pinks, Cottage Pinks

Special Notice

This entry has yet to be reviewed and approved by L2G editors.

General Description

The original cottage pink of yore, Dianthus plumarius is today rarely grown in its natural, wild form. A tall, wispy, clump-forming herbaceous perennial native to eastern Europe, the cottage pink has been cultivated for centuries and is the prominent "old-fashioned" species used for the development of modern day garden pinks.

The gray-green leaves grow in a loose matted clump that can spread quite wide. In the warmth of summer, tall stems sky upward from the foliage and reveal paired flowers that have very deeply cut petals and a spicy fragrance. These blossoms may range in color from white to rosy pink, often with a darker center. Pollinated by insects, seeds will be shed and sprout nearby the mother plant.

Grow cottage pinks in full to partial sun in average soils that are well-draining, ideally with a non-acidic pH. They should be divided every two to three years to maintain their vigor. Their charming presence is essential for any cottage or meadow garden and have been favored for generations as edging for peony and rose beds. Popular cultivars of the original cottage pinks are often called modern border pinks, and includes the Ballade and Spring Beauty strains, and may include a broader array of flower colors and forms.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    9 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    3 - 9

  • Sunset Zone

    A2, A3, 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Perennial

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    18"-24" / 45.7cm - 61.0cm

  • Width

    1'-2' / 0.3m - 0.6m

  • Bloom Time

    Early Summer, Summer, Late Summer

  • Native To

    Europe, Eastern Europe

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Loam, Sand

  • Tolerances

    Drought

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Mat-forming

  • Seasonal Interest

    Summer, Fall

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    White, Pink, Rose

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Light Green, Gray Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Gray Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Gray Green

  • Fragrant Flowers

    Yes

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    Yes

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Fine

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Bedding Plant, Cutflower, Edging, Groundcover, Mixed Border, Wildflower

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Attracts

    Butterflies

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes