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DRYOPTERIS marginalis

Image of Dryopteris marginalis

Gerald L. Klingaman

Family

Dryopteridaceae

Botanical Name

DRYOPTERIS marginalis

Plant Common Name

Marginal Wood Fern

General Description

Marginal wood fern is an evergreen fern native to eastern North America, from Canada's Quebec province southward to the American states of Kansas and Virginia. The leathery, grayish green to blue-green fronds arise from an erect rhizome. Forming a non-spreading clump, the overall habit is V-shaped.

Marginal wood fern grows very well in shade and moist soil, though once established it will tolerate drier conditions. It makes a perfect addition to mixed borders, wildflower gardens, and rock gardens on a shaded hillside. It is particularly beautiful as a massed groundcover or in small clusters when each plant's fronds barely touch each other as they arch. The evergreen foliage adds nice color and interest to the normally brown and drab winter landscape.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    8 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    3 - 8

  • Plant Type

    Fern

  • Sun Exposure

    Partial Shade, Full Shade

  • Height

    12"-24" / 30.5cm - 61.0cm (18)

  • Width

    12"-24" / 30.5cm - 61.0cm (18)

  • Native To

    Northeastern United States, Mid-Atlantic United States, North-Central United States, Central United States, Canada

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Average

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Clump-Forming

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    None

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Light Green, Gray Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Blue Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Blue Green, Gray Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Gray Green, Dark Green

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    Yes

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Feature Plant, Groundcover, Mixed Border, Rock Garden / Wall

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    No