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DYCKIA encholirioides

Image of Dyckia encholirioides

James H. Schutte

Family

Bromeliaceae

Botanical Name

DYCKIA encholirioides

Plant Common Name

Dyckia

Special Notice

This entry has yet to be reviewed and approved by L2G editors.

General Description

This bromeliad will definitely fool you, since you'll be determined to call it a species of agave. A large and handsome plant, the highland dyckia hails from central and southern Brazil and adjacent northeastern Argentina. Its leaves are rigid and will curl and bend as needed for best reception of sunlight. This bromeliad usually is in a loose cluster of two to three others, flopping and twisting in the rocky outcroppings where it grows.

Leaves are long and lined in small spines. Medium green in color, the undersides have bright silver longitudinal lines. The rosette will grow as large as a bushel basket and about knee-high. In summer's warmth, mature plants send up a tall, branched flower spike that reveals scores of apricot-orange flowers, tubular in shape, that are pollinated by hummingbirds.

Grow the highland dyckia in full to partial sun exposures in a sandy, fast-draining soil that has some organic matter. Tolerant of heat, saltspray and drought, plants flourish when water is available in the heat of the growing season, and markedly less in the autumn and winter. Use it as a subtropical rockery specimen, in a seaside cliff, in a sunny border among agave and aloe, or in a large container. It tolerates mild subfreezing temperatures as a long as soil is not wet. It becomes too large to use as a houseplant. Variety rubra loks similar but its flower stalk is noticeably burgundy-red.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    12 - 8

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    9 - 12

  • Sunset Zone

    H1, H2, 12, 13, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Tender Perennial

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    18"-22" / 45.7cm - 55.9cm

  • Width

    24"-34" / 61.0cm - 86.4cm

  • Bloom Time

    Late Spring, Early Summer, Summer

  • Native To

    North America, South America, Argentina, Brazil

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Sand

  • Tolerances

    Drought, Salt

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Water Requirements

    Drought Tolerant, Average Water

  • Habit

    Rosette/Stemless

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    Orange

  • Fruit Color

    Sandy Brown

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green, Gray Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green, Gray Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Green, Gray Green

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Green, Olive, Gray Green

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Coarse

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    Yes

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Container, Feature Plant, Hanging Basket, Mixed Border, Rock Garden / Wall, Tropical

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    Yes

  • Invasive

    No

  • Attracts

    Hummingbirds

  • Self-Sowing

    No