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ECHINACEA (AFTER MIDNIGHT™)

Image of Echinacea (AFTER MIDNIGHT™, BIG SKY™ SERIES)

Family

Asteraceae

Botanical Name

ECHINACEA( AFTER MIDNIGHT™, BIG SKY™ SERIES)

Plant Common Name

Hybrid Coneflower

Special Notice

This entry has yet to be reviewed and approved by L2G editors.

General Description

Almost every species of Echinacea is ornamental and available in the trade for garden use. All are hardy herbaceous perennials and easy to grow. There are nine species, all North American endemics, and in recent years a bevy of wonderful cultivars have been brought to the fore. All are distributed east of the Rocky Mountains, and the endangered species Echinacea tennesseensis only exists in a three county radius in central Tennessee.

Coneflowers are best known for their large, colorful daisies with bristled conical centers. They are summer blooming butterfly magnets. Their petal/ray flowers are usually pink, purple-pink or white, though the oddball species Echinacea paradoxa has golden yellow ray petals. All will flower for a bit longer if their spent heads are removed, though its nice to allow the seed-filled cones to mature as they provide excellent food for goldfinches and other seed-eating birds.

Most coneflowers naturally inhabit established prairies, meadowlands and American savannas. They require full to partial sun and prefer average to fertile soil with even moisture and ample drainage. Most self-sow readily, but for many this is an advantage. They are ideal plants for sunny summer flower borders, butterfly gardens, or wildflower plantings. Their flowers are good for cutting and look pretty in arrangements with other carefree cutflowers like apricot-colored zinnias, cosmos and Queen Anne’s lace.

The dried and powdered root of Echinacea angustifolia is the main source for medicinal Echinacea, though it is not advisable to grow it for personal medicinal purposes.

Characteristics

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    3 - 9

  • Plant Type

    Perennial

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun, Partial Shade

  • Bloom Time

    Early Summer, Summer, Late Summer

  • Native To

    North America

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Tolerances

    Drought

  • Growth Rate

    Fast

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Clump-Forming

  • Seasonal Interest

    Summer

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    Purple, Orange

  • Flower Color Modifier

    Bicolor

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Green

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    Yes

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Coarse

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Dried Flower / Everlasting, Cutflower, Wildflower

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Attracts

    Birds

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes